Uma teoria social da lingua(gem) anunciada no limiar do século XX por Antoine Meillet

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Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) defined langue as a social fact, a reality which is exterior to the individual and his will, and belongs to the society. He has never quoted Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) while discussing such concept, however the French sociologist’s conception was widely known in the intellectual milieu of the early twentieth century. Moreover, Antoine Meillet (1866-1936), a disciple of Saussure, while contributing to Durkheim’s newspaper, L’année sociologique (1905-1906), at about the same time that Saussure began the CGL (1907-1911) in Geneva, characterized language as a social fact referring to the concept established by Durkheim. This article deals with the linguistic ideas of Meillet that directly or indirectly influenced a large number of linguists for several decades of the twentieth century. The linguist dedicated himself to both the historical and comparative studies of Indo-European languages, as to the social and historical nature of language. The social aspect of his announced theory is the central theme of this historiographical-linguistic study.



Language, Antoine Meillet, Lingua(gem), Fato social, Sociedade, Indivíduo, Social fact, Society, Individual


MARRA, Daniel; MILANI, Sebastião Elias. Uma teoria social da lingua(gem) anunciada no limiar do século XX por Antoine Meillet. Linha D'Agua, São Paulo, v. 25, n. 2, p. 1-24, 2012.