Optimization of bio-oil steam reforming process by thermodynamic analysis

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A straightforward thermodynamic analysis of bio-oil steam reforming was carried out in the context of hydrogen and syngas production, employing Gibbs energy minimization method to determine equilibrium composition and global reaction heat. The bio-oil model compound was a mixture of acetic acid, phenol, and acetone. The effects of process variables, such as temperature and inlet S/C molar ratio, were investigated over a wide range of conditions. Thermodynamic analysis was performed using the software Aspen Plus v.11. It was identified the best operational conditions that could maximize syngas and further hydrogen production considering energy efficiency. The optimum production of hydrogen is 2.28 mol per carbon mole at S/C = 10 and 850 K, and syngas is 2.37 mol per carbon mole at S/C = 10 and 900 K. It has been demonstrated that the equilibrium calculations can be used to simulate these steam reforming reactions, given the catalyst's behavior.
Bio-oil, Steam reforming, Gibbs minimization, Optimization, Hydrogen
RODRIGUES, Caroline Teixeira; ALONSO, Christian Gonçalves; MACHADO, Guilherme Duenhas; SOUZA, Thiago Leandro de. Optimization of bio-oil steam reforming process by thermodynamic analysis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Amsterdam, v. 45, n. 53, p. 28350-28360, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.07.206. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360319920328330?via%3Dihub. Acesso em: 29 ago. 2023.