1H HRMAS NMR spectroscopy and chemometrics for evaluation of metabolic changes in citrus sinensis caused by xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri
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Xanthomonas axonopodis (Xac) bacterium causes one of the most feared and untreatable diseases in citriculture: citrus canker. To understand the response mechanisms of orange trees when attacked by Xac, leaves and fruits of Citrus sinensis were directly evaluated by HRMAS NMR (high resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy. This technique allows the analysis of samples without laborious pre-treatments and also allows access to important information about chemical composition of samples. The orange tree leaves and fruit peels investigated in this study demonstrated the biochemical changes caused by Xac. Aided by chemometric analysis, the HRMAS NMR results show relevant changes in amino acids, carbohydrates, organic acids and terpenoids content.
1H HRMAS NMR, Citrus canker, Citrus, Xanthomonas axonopodis, Metabolic fingerprint, Chemometrics
SILVA, Lorena .M. A. et al. 1H HRMAS NMR spectroscopy and chemometrics for evaluation of metabolic changes in citrus sinensis Caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, Campinas, v. 23, n. 6, p. 1054-1061, May 2012.