AC susceptibility as a tool to probe the dipolar interaction in magnetic nanoparticles

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The dipolar interaction is known to substantially affect the properties of magnetic nanoparticles. This is particularly important when the particles are kept in a fluid suspension or packed within nano-carriers. In addition to its usual long-range nature, in these cases the dipolar interaction may also induce the formation of clusters of particles, thereby strongly modifying their magnetic anisotropies. In this paper we show how AC susceptibility may be used to obtain information regarding the influence of the dipolar interaction in a sample. We develop a model which includes both aspects of the dipolar interaction and may be fitted directly to the susceptibility data. The usual long-range nature of the interaction is implemented using a mean-field approximation, whereas the particle-particle aggregation is modeled using a distribution of anisotropy constants. The model is then applied to two samples studied at different concentrations. One consists of spherical magnetite nanoparticles dispersed in oil and the other of cubic magnetite nanoparticles embedded on polymeric nanospheres. We also introduce a simple technique to address the presence of the dipolar interaction in a given sample, based on the height of the AC susceptibility peaks for different driving frequencies.



AC susceptibility, Magnetic hyperthermia, Magnetic nanoparticles


LANDI, Gabriel T. et al. AC susceptibility as a tool to probe the dipolar interaction in magnetic nanoparticles. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Amsterdam, v. 421, p. 138-151, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.08.011. Disponível em: Acesso em: 12 set. 2023.