First measurement of electron neutrino appearance in NOvA


We report results from the first search for νμ → νe transitions by the NOvA experiment. In an exposure equivalent to 2.74 × 1020 protons on target in the upgraded NuMI beam at Fermilab, we observe 6 events in the Far Detector, compared to a background expectation of 0.99 0.11ðsystÞ events based on the Near Detector measurement. A secondary analysis observes 11 events with a background of 1.07 0.14ðsystÞ. The 3.3σ excess of events observed in the primary analysis disfavors 0.1π < δCP < 0.5π in the inverted mass hierarchy at the 90% C.L.




ADAMSON, P. et al. First measurement of electron neutrino appearance in NOvA. Physical Review Letters, Washington, v. 116, e151806, 2016. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.151806. Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 maio 2023.