Hegel: a filosofia da história se efetiva com a história filosófica

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


One of the main themes of Hegelian philosophy is to comprehend the present and the development of life in its determinateness in the present, the real in its determinateness. With this characteristic, Hegel delved not only into his own time but also approached History philosophically. From these inquiries, the first chapter will focus on the possibility of realizing reason under the emergence of a new era, which was termed the "modern era". Thus, we seek to distinguish this era from the preceding time, and in doing so, the rise of an institutional model that materialized and transformed over time into the modern State. In other words, we will research the genesis of this alternate time that allowed this realization to manifest in the space/time that Hegel will address as modernity. For this, we rely on the readings of Koselleck (), Habermas, and Marcuse. In the second chapter, our focus is to establish a mediation between the philosophy of history and the development of historical consciousness through the path of freedom, and we also aim to understand the dialectical sense of history for Hegel. Finally, in the third chapter, we will study the realization of the idea of Freedom in the State and how it becomes effective as a movement in History. This is done in order to identify this realization under laws and rules conceived for the regulation of human life and its development, under certain conditions inherent to the forces of a time, with free will as the exercise of human will, expressed through Freedom which, in turn, is conditioned by the historical time itself.



Filosofia da história, Philosofy of history, Liberdade, Freedom, Reason, Razão


SOUSA, Wanderson José de. Hegel: a filosofia da história se com a história filosófica. 2023. 60 f. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Bacharelado em Filosofia) - Unidade Acadêmica Especial de Ciências Humanas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Cidade de Goiás, 2023.