Navegando por Autor "Sá, Roger dos Anjos de"
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ItemContrarrevolução, autocracia burguesa, mundialização e imperialismo na transição neoliberal na Nicarágua (1988-1997)(Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-25) Sá, Roger dos Anjos de; Maciel, David; http://lattes.cnpq.br/3587511267893434; Maciel, David; Pinto, João Alberto da Costa; Sofiati, Flávio Munhoz; Barbosa, Walmir; Maciel, FredThe main objective of this doctoral research is to analyze the political, economic and social processes that took place in Nicaragua in the context of the electoral defeat of the FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front) in 1990. The defeat interrupted the government of the Sandinista Front (1979-1990) who had led a revolutionary process. The winning electoral coalition was a conglomerate of parties formed around UNO (National Opposition Union), headed by Violeta Chamorro, which had political and financial support from the United States. It seeks to understand the transition from its neoliberal content, of an autocratic bourgeois character, a counterrevolutionary process associated with the dictates of the new imperialism. The time frame is limited to the period between 1988 and 1997, comprising the last years of the Sandinista Government and the Government of Violeta Barrios de Chamorro (1990-1997). We argue that it was from the last years of the Sandinista Government when, in the face of a serious economic crisis, several political-economic measures were taken - shock therapies in the economy - very similar to those indicated by the IMF and other supranational organizations linked to the main centers of capitalism. world, which begins the neoliberal transition in Nicaragua; the conformation of a counter-revolution with bourgeois autocratic features linked to capitalist globalization under the banner of new forms of imperialist domination. ItemA revolução sandinista: do triunfo à derrota (1979-1990)(Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2014-09-25) Sá, Roger dos Anjos de; Maciel, David; ttp://lattes.cnpq.br/3587511267893434; Maciel, David; Pinto, João Alberto da Costa; Barbosa, WalmirIn July 1979, the Sandinista Revolution triumphed in Nicaragua, thus constituting a political framework of great importance for the history of the last quarter of the twentieth century. In front of the revolutionary process, was the FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front), an organization founded in the early 1960s inspired by Augusto César Sandino, a nationalist who fought against the domination exerted by the United States of America in that country in the late 1920s and in the beginning of next decade. Sandino was assassinated at the behest of the then chief of the National Guard, Anastasio Somoza García, in 1934. In 1937, Somoza took over the government of Nicaragua inaugurating the longest of all dictatorships of America, which lasted until 1979. Associated various political ideologies derived from various social segments the FSLN led a popular uprising that toppled the dictatorship and began a period of intense disputes and social, economic and political transformations in Nicaragua. The tactic of economic transformation was conducted by the mixed economy and the political model was guided by plurality. Meanwhile the Sandinista Front sought to consolidate its hegemony through the cooptation of popular and mass organizations and also through the establishment of an Army. A few years after the revolutionary triumph came one armed counterrevolution, what made the consigning a war that consumed in huge sums of money following years and a concentration in military defense of the Revolution. The counterrevolutionary forces were formed under the auspices of the American government of Ronald Reagan. In this sense, the period between 1979 and 1990, Nicaragua became an important center of American interference, which combined the groups opposing the Sandinista Front, mainly the bourgeoisie and the upper hierarchy of the Catholic Church constituted together, armed groups, the cons, who fought with the government a civil war. The Sandinista Revolution lasted until 1990, when the FSLN was defeated electorally by a counterrevolutionary coalition called UNO (National Union Opposition) that was financed by the United States.