A Besta e o filho vermelho: representações do comunismo nos quadrinhos de Superman e Batman (1988/90 e 2003)
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The 20th century was marked by innumerous transformations, whether belonging from the economic, political or sociocultural nature, being also possible to highlight those from the media field. Such transformations would allow the consolidation of a media as particular as comic books, which would find their peak in the years of 1930 and 1940 along with the appearance of the super adventure genre and its most prominent exponents: super heroes. Super heroes were responsible for fighting the hostilities of a confrontational world characterized by the war against totalitarianism and fascism. The end of World War II marked a pole conflict shift to the threat of the Cold War; a conflict that would last until the end of the 1980s. Under this perspective, super heroes would take advantage of this contextual scope in order to develop their adventures, in which the Nazi enemy would be replaced by the communist threat. This study seeks a dialog between historiography and its paradigmatic support, with elements such as narrative and representations, considering these dialogs would be of inexorable prominence to the understanding of a temporal and spatial context. The 1950 and 1960 decades were crucial for the consolidation of an anticommunism imaginary in the USA, which, in turn, would be transposed in the super heroes’ stories. For that, comic books usage, as a source of research, would be vital to help understanding how this form of language links those representations about anticommunism. In this research, some stories with distinct temporality were used in order to understand communism representations in comic books – their particularities and continuity. Comic books, as a narrative form, would be responsible for helping constituting identities inherent to society, specially the American one. As important as setting out ideologies in such a particular way from sources as comic books is also understanding how these ideas are contextually and textually built as well as how they are narratively articulated through a relation between image and text undertaken by comic books.
TELES, Gustavo Borges. A Besta e o filho vermelho: representações do comunismo nos quadrinhos de Superman e Batman (1988/90 e 2003). 2016. 151 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.