Fatores determinantes da eficiência no processo de compras públicas
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The importance of Government Procurement comes from the constitutional imposition. This fact forces the Public Administration to process the public bidding for the purchase of goods and services to meet society demands. Thus, moving up a significant part of the economy, around 10% to 15% of the GDP in Brazil. The procurement process is imperative to the achievement of Public Administration objectives. It is important to emphasize that it will be possible to get the reduction of the public expenditure and the stakeholders satisfaction, only achieving efficiency on this process of purchasing and service contracting. In order to contribute to fill gaps in the scientific literature, this study analyses the data of 3.310 public biddings in Goiás State during 2012 to 2016, in the Electronic Procurement. The study aimed to identify the determinant factors of the efficiency of the Electronic Procurement, considering the analysis of Celerity and Economy. After the descriptive analysis, univariate analysis, such as the correlation of X2 and Pearson correlation, and multivariate analysis, such as the Multiple Correspondence Analysis – MCA and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis – HCA, the results showed that the determinant factors of the efficiency in Electronic Procurement are the following: a) nature of the expenditure, consumption or permanent; b) quantity of items in the process; c) biddings exclusively for micro enterprises – ME and small business – EPP; d) the size of the winning company in the bidding process, ME and EPP or any other; e) the administrative organization, direct and indirect public administration; f) municipal and state/federal election year; g) amount of the intended expenditure. This study contributes to fill in part of the theoretical gap on the multivariate analysis of the determinant factors in the performance of public procurement processes.
TAUFICK, Jairo Fernando. Fatores determinantes da eficiência no processo de compras públicas. 2017. 83 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.