O martírio no sol poente: das agruras (e)(i)migratórias à formação de milícias ultranacionalistas no contexto do pós-guerra no Brasil – o caso Shindo-Renmei (1868 – 1956)
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Shindo-Renmei ("League of the Vassals’ Path") was a paramilitary organization of Japanese origin which was formed in the countryside of the State of São Paulo in the post-war period. This militia acted in the obtuse sense of "preserving the true Japanese spirit" (Yamatodamashi) by fighting what they called "fake enemy propaganda": the acceptance by members of the colony of Japan's "supposed" surrender in the Second World War. For them, to believe in such a thing would mean a violation of the Japanese identity, betraying the country and the emperor. In this case, the only possible remission would be the death. However, little is known about its origin or its desideratum /disintegration. The purpose of this work is, therefore, to rescue the history and memory of Japanese (im)/(e)migration in Brazil, its bitterness and challenges, discourses and policies underlying this process and that led, in the first decades of the twentieth century, to a process of isolation / exclusion / censorship which was very sensitive to the colonist's life situation. However, this doctoral dissertation does not intend to legitimize the creation of Japanese militias, reducing their meaning to a mere response to a situation of repression. Rather, it is about offering new perspectives on the case, as well as exploring the meanders of the Japanese (im)/(e)migration and how the figure of the Japanese immigrant assured himself in the arduous process of guaranteeing his identity / integrity. This inglorious chapter in the history of Brazil, which was marked by traumas and silences, can now be heard and felt through a herculean effort of the historiographic work. Here is the ultimate goal of this research.
CARVALHO, Diego A. Moraes. O martírio no sol poente: das agruras (e)(i)migratórias à formação de milícias ultranacionalistas no contexto do pós-guerra no Brasil – o caso Shindo-Renmei (1868 – 1956). 2017. 577 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.