Doutorado em História (FH)

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    Emoções martiriais em Alandalus: os mártires voluntários de Córdoba (século IX)
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-08-14) Milhomem, Thiago Damasceno Pinto; Souza, Armênia Maria de;; Souza, Armênia Maria de; Barbosa, Francirosy Campos; Silva, André Costa Aciole da; Nascimento, Renata Cristina de Sousa; Silveira, Aline Dias da
    Between the years 850 and 859, 50 Christians were executed by the Islamic government of the Emirate of Córdoba (756/138 H.-912/300 H.). This group of criminals, from an Islamic legal point of view, was composed of subjects of different functions and social strata: men and women, secular people, monks and nuns, former public officials of the emirate and their sons or daughters. They were part of Cordoba society that witnessed the consolidation of Islamic power and the growing prestige of the Arabic language and culture in Alandalus. His crimes were of two types: public insults to the figure of the Prophet Muḥammad (istiḫfaf) and apostasy to the Islamic faith (ridda), both punishable by death. Other Christian supporters of these acts considered their executed co-religionists as martyrs and saints, and their actions as voluntary martyrdoms and a justifiable form of protest. Among the defenders of martyrdom were the priest Eulógio (ca. 800-859) and the secular Paulo Álvaro (died around 861). Both wrote apologetic works for the martyrdoms, in a polemical tone, condemning both Muslims and Christians against the martyrs. From the theoretical fields of History and Anthropology of Emotions, among others, and methodologies such as external and internal criticism of documents, structural, philosophical and imaginative hermeneutics, the works Memorial de los Santos (851-856), Epístolas (851), Documento Martirial (851), Apologético de los Mártires (857) e Pasión de los Santos Mártires Jorge el Monje, Aurelio y Natalia (858) by Eulógio de Córdoba, and Vida de San Eulogio (860), by Álvaro de Córdoba . In these hagiographies, the two Christian authors associated positive emotions such as joy and serenity with martyrs and negative emotions such as anger and hatred with Muslims. Thus, Eulógio and Álvaro condemned the Muslims and legitimized the Christian martyrs through a speech focused on emotions.
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    Biblioteconomia é coisa de mulher? Relações de gênero e estereótipos na região Centro-Oeste (1962-2021)
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-08-10) Basilio, Esdra; Soares, Ana Carolina Eiras Coelho;; Soares, Ana Carolina Eiras Coelho; Ribeiro, Maria do Espírito Santo Rosa Cavalcante; Magalhães, Sônia Maria de; Langaro, Jiani Fernando; Carneiro, Maristela
    This thesis exposes an investigation into the area of Librarianship from the perspective of gender relations studies. I present an analysis of the librarian profession with the purpose of historically showing that the profession went through a process of feminization and, in this sense, I point out the implications that this feminization entailed for the field of knowledge. The proposal is to discuss the connections between the low valuation of the profession and the connection with the fact that the profession is mostly exercised by women. I used feminist epistemologies and the theory of gender relations studies based on the contributions of Perrot (2005), Rago (1998) and Scott (2012), among other authors, to understand the dynamics of power relations that circumscribe the profession. The methodology used was a thematic oral history, from the perspective of Alberti (2013), Meihy (1996) and Portelli (2001). The narratives of five librarians, who work in the Midwest region, were the main sources of the research, characterizing this region as the locus of analysis, more specifically the federal universities that offer the undergraduate course in Librarianship, namely: the University of Brasília, the Federal University of Goiás and the Federal University of Rondonópolis in the period between 1962-2021. The research confirmed that disputes and power games make up the field of Librarianship, in a comprehensive way where gender hierarchies are reaffirmed.
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    Simulações históricas e civilizações digitais: representações do tempo histórico em “Sid Meier’s Civilization”
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-27) Silva, Alex Alvarez; Abdala Junior, Roberto;; Abdala Junior, Roberto; Cerri, Luis Fernando; Jongbloed, Enrique Uribe; Teixeira, Rafael Saddi; Christino, Daniel
    This research addresses representations of the past and historical time in digital games, based on the Sid Meier's Civilization game series and game narratives elaborated by its players. From a perspective that combines the theory of history and historical consciousness with the field of game studies, an analysis of the procedural structure of the first five main titles of the series is presented in order to highlight the assumptions underlying the way these games simulate historical and social processes. Once the main procedural axes that structure the series games are identified, a qualitative approach is taken to a set of player-produced works shared publicly on the CivFanatics Forums website, highlighting the ways in which players mobilize their historical imagination in dialogue with the games. Finally, the comparison between the players' narratives and the procedural nature of the games enables a series of observations on the historical sensitivity of players in the face of these historical-themed strategy games.
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    Reflexões sobre a cavalaria medieval na obra Tirant lo blanc
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-02-28) Luiz, Láisson Menezes; Vidotte, Adriana;; Vidotte, Adriana; Souza, Guilherme Queiroz de; Rui, Adailson José; Nascimento, Renata Cristina Sousa; Sousa, Armênia Maria de
    This research aims to understand the representations of chivalry and the medieval knight in Tirant lo Blanc, written around 1460 by Joanot Martorell (1413-1468). The aforementioned work is a chivalry novel that narrates the adventures of the knight Tirant from the moment he was just a young apprentice of the art of chivalry until he became a knight of great fame. However, what characterizes and draws attention to this work, and differentiates it from other chivalry novels, is the most human character with which the author sought to portray society and knightly life in the 15th century. For this reason, Tirant lo Blanc is characterized more as a “historical novel”, a genre that stood out in the 15th century and thus being distinct from “books of chivalry”, which place their narratives in fantastic times and wonderful lands. Therefore, in this sense, the work of Joanot Martorell is an important document for understanding the actions and transformations that affected and permeated the space of social, political, cultural and imaginary relations in the Iberian Peninsula at the end of the Middle Age.
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    Contrarrevolução, autocracia burguesa, mundialização e imperialismo na transição neoliberal na Nicarágua (1988-1997)
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-25) Sá, Roger dos Anjos de; Maciel, David;; Maciel, David; Pinto, João Alberto da Costa; Sofiati, Flávio Munhoz; Barbosa, Walmir; Maciel, Fred
    The main objective of this doctoral research is to analyze the political, economic and social processes that took place in Nicaragua in the context of the electoral defeat of the FSLN (Sandinista National Liberation Front) in 1990. The defeat interrupted the government of the Sandinista Front (1979-1990) who had led a revolutionary process. The winning electoral coalition was a conglomerate of parties formed around UNO (National Opposition Union), headed by Violeta Chamorro, which had political and financial support from the United States. It seeks to understand the transition from its neoliberal content, of an autocratic bourgeois character, a counterrevolutionary process associated with the dictates of the new imperialism. The time frame is limited to the period between 1988 and 1997, comprising the last years of the Sandinista Government and the Government of Violeta Barrios de Chamorro (1990-1997). We argue that it was from the last years of the Sandinista Government when, in the face of a serious economic crisis, several political-economic measures were taken - shock therapies in the economy - very similar to those indicated by the IMF and other supranational organizations linked to the main centers of capitalism. world, which begins the neoliberal transition in Nicaragua; the conformation of a counter-revolution with bourgeois autocratic features linked to capitalist globalization under the banner of new forms of imperialist domination.