Vida literária e a construção do conceito de simbolismo na obra de Nestor Vítor

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This work addresses the intellectual trajectory of Nestor Vítor dos Santos (1868-1932), a writer and essayist who entered the history of literature as the “official critic” of the Brazilian symbolist movement. Nestor Vítor worked intellectually between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. He saw the Brazilian symbolist movement form, lose strength and become a reference for spiritualist modernism. During this period, he reflected on its authors and the relevance of the movement within Brazilian literature. It is in this perspective that this work is conducted, covering his intellectual trajectory and acting as a literary critic. For this purpose, the intellectual formation of Nestor Vítor in his early years, still in Paraná, is approached; its connection with the Republican Club and with the Abolitionist Confederation of Paraná. After moving to Rio de Janeiro, in 1890, Vítor became a member of the Novos group, responsible for spreading Symbolism in the federal capital. Although he is currently considered a secondary author in the history manuals of Brazilian literature, he was an important figure in the intellectual milieu of his time. Nestor Vítor stood out not only for his role in defending personalities of the Symbolist movement, but mainly for being the holder of the literary estate of the poet Cruz e Sousa and responsible for publishing and disseminating his unpublished poems. The concern to defend works linked to Symbolism, therefore, was not only explained by a militancy for the movement, but also by a desire to contribute to what he saw as the evolution of literature. In addition to his role in the Symbolist movement, his participation in the spiritualist reaction and his impressions on the emergence of the different strands of the Brazilian modernist movement in the 1920s are also discussed. In this specific case, the tension between literary movements, relationship between literati and the individual perception of Nestor Vítor in face of the changes of his time. This work defends the thesis that the title of “critic of symbolism” crystallized a limited view of Nestor Vítor's performance in the Brazilian literary circle. Although he was indeed part of the Brazilian Symbolist group, his intellectual work is much broader than that. In fact, it goes so far as to make the wrong impression about his critical work. Nestor Vítor was an important member of the Brazilian Symbolist movement, his literary critical work, however, speaks much less about Symbolism than is expected.



SILVA, J. F. Vida literária e a construção do conceito de simbolismo na obra de Nestor Vítor. 2022. 330 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2022.