Narração e abertura da história na obra de Walter Benjamin
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This research aims to present the relationship between narration and opening of history from the work of Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). It is intended to dissert on the ways in which the narration of history can shed light on subjects of political order. In other words, to show the extent to which narrating history is also a linguistic and political act at the same time. In this way, we chose a series of texts such as Childhood in Berlin around 1900, About the program of the coming philosophy, The Narrator and the interrupted project of the passages, from the relation between them and other texts, to discuss the author's options by unfinished and fragmentary - characteristics of his own narrative. The text is divided into three parts; The first seeks to think about the way the image of a historical and collective subject is constantly and carefully affirmed in his autobiography, also unusual, due to its form of narrative organization, the notion of memory and the language used. In the second part, the aim is to elucidate the relationship between the epistemological and political consequences within these reflections, taking the concepts of remembrance (Eingedenken), image (Bild), origin (Ursprung), time-now (Jetztzeit) and the figure of the narrator (Erzähler). Finally, in the last part, we will consider the political potentialities of Benjamin's narration and its contribution to the discussions about the disputes over the interpretation and construction of the past, thinking about the relationship between cultural criticism and the writing produced by the historian. Thinking about the theme of the opening of history implies the task of relating the work of the historian to the allegorist referred to by Benjamin, placing the strength of each notion as that of thought, language and writing within a broader theory, which is the Benjaminian theory of experience. This will allow us to draw our last considerations from conclusions opportunized by the interpretation of sources. The expectation is that we will be able to organize those discussions, constituting a reflection on the narration and opening of history within Benjamin's philosophy. We hope that this return to the thinking of Walter Benjamin, via questions related to the theory of history, will enable a critical reflection on the construction and appropriation of knowledge about the past.
BRANDÃO, F. M. Narração e abertura da história na obra de Walter Benjamin. 2019. 105 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.