Abordagem contextual no capítulo de soluções em livros didáticos de química aprovados pelo PNDL/2012

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Our study aimed analyze the Textbooks of Chemistry Program approved by Textbook National Program (Programa Nacional do Livro Didático - PNLD/2012), searching to identify if there are different aspects of the conceptions of contextualization, specifically in the chapters of the solutions in these Textbooks. The choice of these concepts is due to difficulty of the students, especially in the study of these chapters, and mainly, because of the contextualization had been proposed in the academic curriculum in order to promote a broad teaching chemistry, involving social, politic, economic, environment and culture aspects, and not just scientific aspects. Thus, the data obtained from reading and re-reading these chapters, along with our theoretic reference, allowed the formation of four categories of analysis: contextualization as exemplification and illustration; contextualization as scientific description and formation of the concept; contextualization as understanding critical from relation of the Science, Technology, Society and Environment (CTSA); and contextualization as vision of the transformation of the social reality. The analysis of Textbook is justified by the fact that this is an instructive material widely used in Brazilian Education System, adding to the fact that the Federal Government has intensified the distribution of the Textbook for all public schools of the country. This is the analysis of the document with a qualitative nature and the data obtained were evaluated using the analysis Bardin’s content. The results showed that the authors of Textbooks analyzed recognize the contextualization as central element for the citizenship formation, but three from five Textbooks analyzed show a vision rather reductionist of the contextualization concept. We emphasize in this research the need of the continuity and consolidation of the researches involving the analysis of Textbook, considering the great importance given to this material in teaching practice.



LEITE, Maycon Batista. Abordagem contextual no capítulo de soluções em livros didáticos de química aprovados pelo PNDL/2012. 2013. 123 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2013.