I congresso nacional de intelectuais (Goiânia - 1954): cultura nacional, PCB e hegemonia

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The work covered the First National Congress of Intellectuals, held in Goiânia in February, 1954. The research had as central objective to understand to which degree this event, organized by the PCB, can be considered critical to the current hegemonic culture, represented by the State, since the meeting privileged as a centel theme the defense and preservation of the “national culture”. The preparatory mobilization of the Congress involved the drafting of a manifesto, which sought to "preserve the national character of our culture," signed by 1,082 intellectuals from Brazil. To the event about 300 participants showed up, from diferente brazilian states, and nine foreign delegations, including Chile, whose main star was the poet Pablo Neruda. Following this tone, the following secundary objectives were adopted: Highlight that the Congress was inserted in the PCB’s strategy of trying an inflection in its cultural dogmatism, marked by the dispute of comand of the Brazilian Association of Writers (ABDE); to establish a correlation between culture and politics, taking as reference the resolutions of the meeting and to evaluate the possible contributions bequeathed by this event. The qualitative study used as a technical procedure bibliographical and documentary research, and as a method of data analysis, content analysis. It was intended to demonstrate that the generic concept of "national culture" resulted in guidelines and resolutions that configurated the outline of a critical and alternative cultural policy, or according to the Gramscian concept, a counter-hegemony, capable of counteracting the culture of the hegemonic system.



BARROS, F. M. G. I congresso nacional de intelectuais (Goiânia- 1954): cultura nacional, PCB e hegemonia. 2018. 147 f. Dissertação (Programa de Pós-graduação em Comunicação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.