O PNE e as universidades estaduais brasileiras: assimetrias institucionais, expansão e financiamento
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The main goal of this study is to investigate and to present what would be the necessary enlargement of undergraduate and strictu sensu graduate enrollments, and of the expansion funds, so that the SUs, by the state of the federation, could contribute to the success of the NEP goals (2014-2024) for higher education. Furthermore, this study also aims to evaluate the first two years of the implementation of the targets 12, 13 and 14, and to carry out the projection of its challenges for the country by the year 2024; to comprehend how the SUs are inserted in the context of higher education in Brazil; to identify the main institutional and academic characteristics and the main asymmetries in the set of Brazilian State Universities; to detect the main existing asymmetries in the group of Brazilian SUs; to analyze the content of the goals for higher education of the State Education Plans (SEPs), to investigate the average cost and expense per student of the SUs; to estimate what would be the necessary increase of resources, as a percentage of national and state GDP, so that the states, through their SUs, can contribute to the achievement of these goals. From the methodological point of view, the first step of this research has shown to be an exploratory study which later developed into a descriptive, critical interpretative study that has been subsidized by documental and bibliographic research, collection and analysis of statistical data for the accomplishment of projection estimation presented here. This study is composed of four main categories of analysis: the expansion of Brazilian higher education, the education plans (national and state), the institutional and academic profile of the UEs, and, finally, the funding of the SUs. These categories are theoretically supported by the studies of Aguiar (2010), Amaral e Pinto (2005), Amaral (2016), Dourado (2010, 2011, 2016, 2017), Fialho (2011, 2012), Martins (2000), Oliveira and Dourado (2016), Oliveira (2011), Ranieri (2000), Sguissardi (2000, 2014), among others. The data collected by this study reveal that the challenges of expansion and funding are audacious for the states to contribute to the PNE (2014-2024) goals for higher education. Therefore, it is defended as a thesis that although the SUs integrate the same administrative category as "state public universities", they are constituted by a set of HEIs marked by institutional asymmetries in several aspects: as to its architecture of spatial organization; to the characteristics of offer of their undergraduate enrollments, as to the qualification of its academic staff; as regarding the offer and performance in the stricto sensu post-graduate course ; its statutory regulations; in terms of their funding; and regarding its challenges of expansion towards the goals of the PNE (2014-2024) for higher education. This study understands that the asymmetries identified in the set of the SUs are mainly due to the fact that they have very different contexts regarding their creation, structuring, and functioning, and because they are subordinated to different maintainers (states of the federation) and to distinct academic, institutional regulations and financial capacity. Moreover, it is argued that the challenges of the SUs in front of the PNE (2014-2024) goals for higher education explicit the present contradictions in terms of the higher education offer promoted by these institutions, in terms of its funding, and in terms of the regional inequalities of this group of HEIs. These contradictions and the imperative challenges of enrollment expansion and the increase in the funding, necessary for the SUs to contribute to the success of these goals, allows us to affirm that there are objective limits which compromise the effective participation of the states in reaching these goals for higher education in brazil, through their SUs. Moreover, it is possible to affirm that the effectiveness of the content proposed by the PNE strategy 12.18 (2014-2024) is of fundamental importance for the states of the federation to contribute to the achievement of these goals for higher education, through their SUs.
CARVALHO, Renata Ramos da Silva. O PNE e as universidades estaduais brasileiras: assimetrias institucionais, expansão e financiamento. 2018. 387 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.