A trama faustina da captura do trabalho docente do sistema Universidade Aberta do Brasil pelo capital: o caso da Universidade Federal do Tocantins

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The current thesis dissertation is associated with the thematic area of “State, Policies and History of Education” of the Postgraduate Research Program in Education at the Faculty of Education of the Federal University of Goiás. It comprises research inquiry conducted by the Research and Study Group in Technology and Online Distance Education. Its general aim was the comprehension of the repercussions of contemporary institutionalized capitalist advances over working conditions for undergraduate program teachers at the Brazilian Open University in the context of the Federal University of Tocantins. With the intent of weaving a reflection and analytical course as well as the expositive and compositive approach for the sections, the following specific objectives were selected: to discuss the concept of human work in its universal meaning and contextualize it, given its history, in the industrial capitalist and flexible-financial-neoliberal capital society; to highlight conceptual and historical details of the teaching profession work in the realm of flexiblefinancial-neoliberal capitalist and industrial capitalist accumulation regimes; to indicate the facts undergoing online distance education systematization in the country and worldwide, drawing attention to the specific and peculiar features of the Brazilian case that established the grounds for the Brazilian Open University System; to understand the developing structure of the Open University System between 2005 and 2020 by means of data and policies provided by CAPES (Coordination for Higher Education Staff Qualification), through the Online Distance Education Board of Directors; to analyze the empirical evidences of working conditions for teachers in the Federal University of Tocantins’ Open University System. As for the methodological approach, a dialectical and historical materialism perspective was adopted since the research thread follows along the set of historical, dynamic, diverse, contradictory, complex and multifaceted processes of a capitalist mode of production society. A case study procedure was selected in keeping with its appropriateness for exploratory, bibliographical, documentary and field research by means of analytical/descriptive analysis and questionnaire data gathering. Results made clear that teaching professionals in the Open University System at the Federal University of Tocantins were snared by the flexible-financial-neoliberal capital system, which characterizes the new face of work in the Brazilian public Higher Education teaching profession. This means that the teaching staff is hired in disagreement with legal work and pension requirements, depriving professionals of the shelter of social warrant and rights, of appropriate material working conditions and leaving them with lowered payment policies, without any clear planning of working schedules. As a result, barriers are imposed to union organization initiatives and to the feeling of group membership and belonging to a professional class, which leads to more intensive workdays and thereon to teachers’ physical and mental illness. Yet, evidence shows that even worse consequences impact face-to-face and online tutors at the Open University in the Federal University of Tocantins, who experience high rates of work conditions precariousness.



DINIZ, Juliane A. Ribeiro. A trama faustina da captura do trabalho docente do Sistema Universidade Aberta do Brasil pelo capital: o caso da Universidade Federal do Tocantins. 2023. 296 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023.