O PROCEDER e as tramas do poder na territorialização do capital no Cerrado

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The space transformations arising from Cerrado s territorial modernization process were driven by capital s productive restructuring which to expand its borders towards the heartland of Brazil, they promoted a reordering of natural and artificial elements, interfering mainly in the productive paradigm of Cerrado s people. The dynamics of ownership of this area were based on geopolitical strategies of state initiative, but which they found that focus on domestic and international private capital, especially for the Japanese ones, whose entered the Cerrado, in permanently way since 1970 to implement the Nipo-Brazilian Cooperation Program for the Development of Cerrado, PRODECER. This program represented one of the greatest public investments of private capital on Cerrado and created development priorities, wich directed the ownership of different territorial portions. However if the 1970s characterized private investment on Cerrado, the state capital has been present since 1930, with the vargas policy of March to the West, unfolding in Terms of Goals of Juscelino Kubitschek in the 1950s, which besides creating the infrastructural system that would support the posterior process of capitalist insertion of Cerrado, to international productive circuit, through the Terms of Goals, put into practice the delivery project of federal capital to the interior of Brazil, what supported, as a matter of fact, the displacement from the border towards Cerrado. The military regime introduced in 1964 effected the strategy of studying the country from the geopolitical point of view, considering Cerrado as region of great natural resources an watersheds, meeting point among the North, North-East, South and South- East, able to capture the neighboring spaces, spreading a new production pattern. To this fact adds the geopolitical situation of food safety that grounded in the international s productive pattern changes, commanded by the United States, and little interest by American for commercial interchange with Latin American countries, has pushed Brazil to seek closer relationship with other nations, which resulted in an increase in Brazilian exports to Asia, especially China and Japan. Particular Japan, poor in natural resources, with desinclined territory to agricultural practice, has in Brazil the supplier source of raw materials, mainly food products and basic inputs. And in this context, Cerrado with vast areas of availability, low production pattern, and therefore reduced price of land pieces, privileged geostrategic position, starts to receive Japanese investment which had focused on economic development under the joint action of governmental and private agencies of economic and technical cooperation. The application of these capitals produced a large impact in areas related to steel, paper, pulp, mining, but mainly agricultural, being through agriculture that the capital has spread throughout Cerrado and triggered the largest territorial effects. The research is focused on the study of geopolitics as a mechanism for understanding Cerrado s territorial modernization. Founded, therefore in the different state acitons, combined or not to the private capital, from national and transnational origin, space modelers, which had at the natural, infrastructural and technical system necessary support to the production capitalist expansion process. After installing PRODECER , considered the big push of territorial modernization, from the 1970 s, was created a new productive dynamic in which Cerrado is placed as focal point of the territorial capital in the country. Plots of power network in the capital s territorial on Cerrado caused social, economic, environmental and policy changes, which culminated in the territorial modernizations of this space in a singular, both creatively and culturally.



INOCÊNCIO, Maria Erlan. PROCEDER and the wefts of power in the territorial capital in the Cerrado. 2010. 271 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciencias Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2010.