Entre picadas, estradas e trieiros: os caminhos que levam à Freguesia de Santa Luzia. Negociantes, escravidão, família e mestiçagens na Capitania dos Goyazes. 1746 -1800
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The study environment of this thesis is the region of Arraial (Village)/Freguesia (Parish) de Santa Luzia, in the Captaincy of Goiás, since its foundation in 1746 until 1800. The objects of this research are the plots people lived during that period, which shaped and formed that "saludável" (healthy) village, as have reported, in 1758, some of the main authorities of the place, the Captain-Major and Ordinary Judge Manoel Jozé de Andrade and the Ordinary Judge and Captain Bento de Souza e Menezes. As leading thread of this study, we propose thinking the process of occupation of gold rich areas of the Captaincy of Goiás from the point of view of the Portuguese economic scenario throughout the 17th and 18th centuries; analyzing the traffic and trade practiced by businessmen who crossed the paths and tracks that lead to Minas dos Goyazes, as well as understanding the strategies developed by the slave and freed population, miners, Indians and mixed-race peoples in shaping the family relationships and ritual kinship. This work is the result of the uneasiness that has emerged by finding only a few studies on the Frequesia de Santa Luzia in the 18th century. The main goal was to know the subjects who, in the second half the 1700´s, have dealt with forced migration, sought fast enrichment, got acquainted with marriage and the various types of family, experienced social rise and lived with the stigma of miscegenation. With such characters, we resume the pristine traces of the formation of this Captaincy. Observing the passports issued in the Captaincy of Bahia and the notes of Faithful Records (Fiéis de Registro) we came into contact with businessmen and blacks convoys (comboieiros) mina, angola, congo and Mozambique. The aged manuscripts written by pastors bring out Creoles, goats, mixed-race children, atapuyados (miscegenation with Tapuia Indians) and semi-caboclos. In official letters we observed the demands of mulattoes who, ennobled by patents, behaved as pardos (Brown) and "good men" and; sensing the "certain death and uncertain times ahead," men made their wills acknowledging illegitimate children, and freed African and Brown women distributed their fortunes. To perform this work we sought information on reference books on micro-history, specialized bibliography and several kinds of documents and, what we found was a dynamic society, although marked by hierarchies and (im)permeabilities.
PAULA, Jason Hugo de. Entre picadas, estradas e trieiros: os caminhos que levam à Freguesia de Santa Luzia. Negociantes, escravidão, família e mestiçagens na Capitania dos Goyazes. 1746 -1800. 2017. 441 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.