O financiamento da educação infantil: o Proinfância no período de 2011 a 2021

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This is a Master's Dissertation in Education, linked to the research line State, Politics and History of Education, developed in the Graduate Program in Education, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Goiás (PPGE/FE/UFG). The work aims to analyze the evolution of the funding of the National Program for the Restructuring and Acquisition of Equipment for the Public School Network of Early Childhood Education (Proinfância) in the period from 2011 to 2021. The objective of the research was to evaluate how the funding of this policy behaved throughout the decade from 2011 to 2021. The study started with a bibliographic survey on the concept of childhood and child that guides the development of public policies for early childhood since the 1988 Constitution and the analysis of the legal support that supports the study of financing education, and more specifically early childhood education. To understand the financing of Proinfância, an analysis of the financing structure of basic education from the fund policies was carried out, as well as the consequences of the approval of the New Fiscal Regime - Constitutional Amendment No. 95/2016. A study of how early childhood education is treated in both education plans, especially the National Education Plan (PNE) 2014-2024, was also conducted. Finally, the functioning of the Federal System of Planning and Budget was examined and an analysis of the budget execution of Proinfância in the fiscal years 2011 to 2021 was carried out and what the contribution of the technical and financial support provided by the Federal Government to the Federal District and the Municipalities in the improvement of the physical infrastructure of the early childhood education network. The budget data survey was carried out in the Integrated System of Planning and Budgeting (SIOP), a computerized system that supports the federal government's budget processes in real time. It was also established that the analysis would be restricted to the budget action 12KU - Implementation of Schools for Early Childhood Education, as it is a specific budget action for the promotion of the policy under analysis. It was possible to identify that, since 2016, the program has suffered an emptying of its allocation, a fact that coincides with the adoption of neoliberal agendas, especially after the impeachment of President Dilma Roussef and the approval of Constitutional Amendment No. 95/2016. Therefore, if the spending cap imposed by this amendment persists, the continuity of this important policy for the access of children to early childhood education is at risk.



OLIVEIRA, E. N. O financiamento da educação infantil: o Proinfância no período de 2011 a 2021. 2022. 208 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2022.