Sob o manto azul de Nossa Senhora do Rosário: mulheres e identidade de gênero na congada de Catalão (GO)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


(In) visibility of women is a theme discussed today by different branches of social sciences. During a long historical period, the shares masculine were noticed and the women appeared as an exception. From the 1960s, along with other social groups excluded, due to the action of the feminist movement, women have been regarded as subject of history. The present study attempts visibility geographical and historical analysis of gender relations in Congada the Feast of the Rosary in Catalão (GO), which represents one of the largest and most important manifestations of popular black culture in Brazil. The categories guiding this research are gender and space and contributed to the understanding of the spatiality of male and female in the universe of Congo and the implications for the visibility of women in public and private space dimensions. For the development of research studies have been conducted bibliographic and field work along the Congo in Catalão (GO) and persons linked to this cultural event, where photographic records were made and questionnaires and interviews. The use of oral history methodology was used in order to establish interpretations that allowed dealing with the subjective dimension of lived experience, providing basis for dialogues space as proposed. The survey results show that, despite the Feast of the Rosary happen in honor of a female figure of Mary of Nazareth under the title of Our Lady of the Rosary, the woman linked to congada presents a relative invisibility, even if she has ever participation higher in the Congo, and the preparation of food and clothing. His areas of action are still very much tied to its transit and private moments in the rituals of the festival follows a spatial and hierarchical separated by gender. Even when a woman becomes captain congadeiros dancer or a suit, a break with the sexism is not yet complete, as we observed hierarchical and spatial restrictions, which are reflected in their own gender identity of women congadeiros. Considering also that the present research is concerned mainly the black women, because the Congo is a popular manifestation of this segment originating ethnic-racial, socioeconomic data collected on women Congadeiros, repeat the framework of exclusion and marginalization of the collective, pointed out by several research in Brazil. Thus, it is understood that the discussion about women and gender identity in the Congo, on the (in) visibility of women as spatial theory, beyond the limits of congada and reaches the sociocultural reality of black women and Brazilian.



PAULA, Marise Vicente de. Under the blue cloak our Lady fo the Rosary: women and identity in the gender in Congada of Catalão (GO). 2010. 245 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciencias Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2010.