Tentativa de suicídio na adolescência: narrativas do desamparo psíquico

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Suicide is defined by the World Health Organization in various publications as a complex and multifactorial event. It is considered a public health issue, requiring actions that enable awareness and prevention. Given this complexity, the aim of this study in the Master's degree in Psychology at the Federal University of Goiás, research line, Psychosocial and Educational Processes. Through this study we aimed to is to comprehend the psychological suffering of adolescents who attempt suicide, stemming from an original sense of helplessness, which is revived and intensified by their current sociocultural context, exposing them to situations of fragility and vulnerability. This qualitative research was conducted with adolescents who experience suicidal thoughts, drawing on the theoretical contributions of Freudian psychoanalysis and other contemporary authors. According to Freud, when confronted with sources of suffering, it becomes necessary for the individual to resort to palliative measures in order to alleviate the distress. When these measures fail, an outlet can be found through the attempt at suicide or the transition to suicidal acts, allowing the death drive to find its final outcome in self-destruction. Narrative interviews were conducted with the adolescents to gather data, and the analysis led to the conclusion that one of the factors triggering psychological distress and suicidal thoughts may be connected to the revived sense of helplessness during adolescence, particularly in the social and cultural spheres, conditions that currently shape their lives. According to Freud, protective forces could manifest through the displacement of libido towards actions such as love, art, and work. While nothing can render an individual entirely immune to suffering, the lingering question pertains to the scarcity of symbolic resources that, within sociocultural relationships, would allow for the elaboration of one's suffering.



REIS, L. R. S. Tentativa de suicídio na adolescência: narrativas do desamparo psíquico. 2023. 151 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Faculdade de Educação, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023.