O Planetário: Espaço Educativo Não Formal Qualificando Professores da Segunda Fase do Ensino Fundamental para o Ensino Formal

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Despite the changes introduced in the Brazilian Educational System since the LDB from 1996, and of the introduction in the PCN s Natural Science of the transversal theme Earth and the Universe, it is still practically null the knowledge of the teachers about the Astronomy concepts presents in the school curriculum, the formal Education scope. This work emphasizes the need and importance of the study of Astronomy, analyses how the Museums and Science Centers, in particular Planetariums, as non-formal education spaces, can suppress partially this need, having in account that the education is not restricted to the classrooms, but happens on a diversity of other spaces where the human life develops and proposes a kind of minimize the teaching formation deficiencies to treat this theme. The Planetariums, devices destined to reproduce the starry sky, with the Sun, the Moon and the planets, as well as other astros, with their movements as we see then from Earth s surface, exist since Archimedes. It s conception evolved from small celestial globes and armillary spheres that can be placed on a table to huge Planetariums with thirty to forty meters of diameter domes, capable of shelter in it s interior three hundred people, and capable of simulating space travels through the Solar System or beyond the limits of our Galaxy to the frontiers of the known Universe. A special attention is given to the Planetarium of the UFG, for this being the space where the scientific education in it s formal, informal and non-formal aspects have been developed for more than thirty years by the staff that composes the faculty of this organ of the UFG. A brief historical of this Planetarium is presented, describing the work developed by the teaching staff. A research made with fundamental school teachers who brought their students to the Planetarium on the first semester of 2008 revealed the total acceptance of the service offered by the Planetarium with a derisory number of critics, what seems to be due to the immense lack of information about astronomy and to the only active presence of the Planetarium of the UFG on the Center West region of Brazil. With the intention of giving a step ahead in the qualification in Astronomy, is made a proposal of a course for the second stage Fundamental School teachers which could open new horizons for many Science teachers on the understanding of the scientific approach of the mysteries of the Cosmos.



MARTINS, Cláudio Souza. The Planetarium: Space Qualified non-formal educational Teachers of the Second Stage of Primary School to formal education. 2009. 112 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Exatas e da Terra) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, goiânia, 2009.