As políticas para o ensino médio no período de 2003 a 2014: disputas, estratégias, concepções e projetos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This research relates to the Line of Research State, Policies and History of Education within the Education Graduate Program from the Federal University of Goiás and aims at understanding how relations among the educational, political and economic fields were established in the definition of policies for high school in the period from 2003 to 2014, corresponding to Lula's presidency and to Dilma's first presidential term. In that regard, bibliographical researches were conducted in national periodical publications indexed by Capes as Qualis A1 and A2, electronically available; in the works presented in Anped's Working Groups 05 (State and Educational Policies) and 09 (Education and Work) and at the website Teses da Capes, in search for doctorate theses produced on educational policies for high school. The contemplated period in the bibliographical revision was wider than the research's focus. The investigation searched empirical elements among some agents of the educational field, who held positions in the federal government administration within the period studied and who collaborated with the study as interviewees, by the means of a scripted interview with semi-structured questions. The research outlined, during the bibliographical revision and conduction of interviews, the most relevant fields and agents in the disputes for the high school guidelines. The official documents referring to the educational policies for high school were mapped, as were the documents coming from the agents of the economic and political fields, considered in this study, by relevance and for reporting to high school directly or indirectly. The research started from the premise that the definition of an educational project relates to the trajectory of Brazilian education and highlights the disputes of conceptions and strategies of each historic moment. The investigation focused on the period from 2003 to 2014, aiming to learn the singularity of this moment to high school, in correlation to the fact that in the decade of 1990 the Brazilian education experienced relevant reforms, including the last stage of basic education. The hypothesis of a reconfiguration of high school, during the period from 2003 to 2014, touched part of the investigation, but the study allows the affirmation that despite the changes and advances from the educational policies implemented in the period, there was not a consolidation of a high school project substantiated by the conceptions outlined in the first actions of the period in question, as for example: integral formation, work as an educative principle, work, science and culture as curricular axes, therefore, there was not an effective reconfiguration. This approach lost power in the disputes inside and outside the educational field, in relation to the strengthening of the formative perspective angled towards a high school more aligned with the interests and demands of the economic field, as expression of the strength in the high school project outlined during Fernando Henrique Cardoso's presidential administration. The strategies used by the agents in the established game converged with the habitus peculiar to each field and, from 2003 to 2014, the economic field had the most success in its disputes, strategies, conceptions and project. The educational field lost symbolic capital among the agents of its own field and also before the political field, for reasons related to the political game of coalitions, strategies undertaken by each field and by the change in the field of power, which enabled for the agents of the economic field a better disposition and position regarding the affirmation of their high school project.



OLIVEIRA, Valdirene Alves de. As políticas para o ensino médio no período de 2003 a 2014: disputas, estratégias, concepções e projetos. 2017. 318 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.