História da psicologia brasileira: saberes psicológicos no século XIX

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The history of Brazilian psychology is a field of study with infinite possibilities, we have different time frames, theoretical and methodological perspectives that present us with an entire universe to be explored. This dissertation aims to explore one of these possibilities: the history of psychological knowledge based on travelers' reports published in the 19th century. Psychological knowledge is understood as that produced and disseminated in everyday life in the form of theories or practices, above all, that which, after the conception of psychology as a science, became its object. The sources researched are travel diaries of men who came to Brazil in the 19th century, whose missions were to record and detail information about the country and bring knowledge to the authorities about the various aspects of our territory, including geography, botany, economy, culture and population health, for example. This is a bibliographic study based on historicaldialectical materialism, whose works researched are authored by Auguste de Saint-Hillaire, George Gardner and Johann Baptist Emanuel Pohl. The works researched consist of major contributions to the history of brazilian psychology, mainly to the history of psychology in Goiás, providing rich discussion about how our people understood the psyche, human behavior and society. Critical reading and analysis culminated the identification and mapping of the following categories: “Customs: popular culture and ways of living life in Brazil”, “Religious diversity: one land, many Brazils”, “Knowledge about behavior: learning, education and control”, “Affects and temperament: emotions, character and self-knowledge”. The discussion allowed the understanding that psychological knowledge precedes scientific psychology and is closely related to popular wisdom, philosophy, medicine and education.



ARAÚJO, D. M. A. História da psicologia brasileira: saberes psicológicos no século XIX. 2023. 113 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Faculdade de Educação, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023.