As (re)existências camponesas nos territórios hegemonizados pelo agrohidronegócio em Goiás
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
In this research, we seek to build an analysis of the territory of Goiás from its spatial heterogeneity and, not only, from the perspective that the territorialization of capital in the Cerrado areas constitutes a hegemonic and homogenizing agent of space. Economic indexes, technification, verticalization of production, as well as the modernization of the territory are not the only face of the landscape in Goiás. It is necessary to consider the contradictions, the peasant territorialities and the different prac-tices of (Re)Existences, so as not to make the existing conflicts invisible, above all, in the political actions of workers, constructed daily for their social reproduction. It is necessary to pay attention to the historical processes of the formation of the Goiás territory, the effects of uneven and combined geographic development and the political and sociocultural practices of rural workers – and in cities -, as well as other subjects who work in these spaces. It is understood that in the field, there are elements that change and those that remain, that is, a scenario of territories in dispute, with conflicts and power relations (FERNANDES, 2012). In addition, the different territories are hybridized, with distinct hegemonized relationships, built from the warp of capital and labor, which generates a mo-saic of territories in dispute (MENDONÇA, 2004). Locksmith; Calaça (2012) emphasize that it is necessary to develop a totalizing approach to the Cerrado, which recognizes the different conflicts of its insertion in the world economy, the reorganization of social classes, regions and places, which uses different perspectives in the political and economic field. , social and cultural. For Mendonça (2012), the permanence of close sociocultural practices driven by transformative political action (fight for land, agrarian reform, water, etc.) allows us to point out the concept of (Re)Existence as a process of permanence, modified by a political action that is based on sociocultural elements, for-matting spatialities as a condition to continue (Re)Existing. n short, the centrality of the research is to understand the different experiences of (Re)Existence built by the subjects of the field in the Mesoregion of South Goiano, with an emphasis on Southeast Goiás, considering the different forms of work, organizations, associations, social movements and cooperatives , as well as the education of the countryside, which has allowed its social reproduction on land, in the hegemonic territories of agro-hydrobusiness, recognizing the different experiences of peasant (Re)Existence in Goiás.
CARNEIRO, J. D. P. L. As (re)existências camponesas nos territórios hegemonizados pelo agrohidronegócio em Goiás. 2021. 253 f. Tese (Doutorado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2021.