Geodiversidade e arqueologia do núcleo C em Serranópolis, Goiás: uma análise integrada

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The municipality of Serranópolis, southwest of the State of Goiás, presents an important set of pre-colonial archaeological sites in shelters and in the open, with rock representations (paintings and engravings), archaeological remains and human burials in a preserved context. The research is based on concepts, theories and methods arising from both areas of knowledge, analyzed together and provide the basis for interpretations of the rich and broad context of natural and cultural heritage. The study area covers the archaeological sites: GO-Ja-11(1-3) and GO-Ja-05, all in shelters in the sandstone of the Botucatu Formation and which feature cave paintings and engravings. The research is justified by seeking to characterize the geodiversity of the Coliseu Complex, which is located in the urban area of Serranópolis. The objective is to develop an integrated analysis (macro-environmental analysis, archaeological and geodiversity context, incidences of natural and anthropic factors) that operate in Center C. Regarding methods, physical characterizations, socio-environmental context, geoarchaeological context, development of actions were carried out of geodiversity (inventory, classification and quantification models) and cultural characterizations (macro, meso and microscale), which are presented through field research, and which is structured in three stages: office, field and laboratory. The results of these analyzes point out the archaeological sites inserted in a context of macro (compartmentalizations), meso (the sites) and micro (cultural and individual aspects of the sites) scale environment, therefore, it was verified that these sites have geodiversity interest in aspects: petrological, stratigraphic, geomorphological and archaeological. Geosites (archaeological sites - Core C) are classified as an area. Because they contain similar basic characteristics, they are large in size, with low indicators of fragility and vulnerability, high resistance to tourism, easy to popularize and have the same types of interest as Geodiversity. Therefore, the set of geosites is classified as an area geosite typology, given the characterizations, it has national relevance. Regarding the incidence of natural and anthropic factors that act in the area of Core C, the results show that the main natural factors are: physical weathering, chemical weathering and biological weathering caused mainly by the action of roots and microorganisms; and anthropic factors (deforestation, fires, vandalism, livestock, agriculture, extractive activities and implementation of hydroelectric plants) and in association with natural factors, significantly harm the current state of the sites, distorting the naturalcultural heritage. The analyzes show that in terms of valuations, Core C is suitable for scientific and tourist use, which also, within the category of ecosystem values of geodiversity, corresponds to the Functional, Cultural, Knowledge and Aesthetic value. The elements presented in the integrated analysis contextualize the environmental, cultural, economic, and social aspects of the study area. The knowledge and results presented were fundamental for the development of proposals for geoconservation measures that are presented in short, medium and long-term actions, using conservation, valorization, dissemination and monitoring strategies, and can be used for the development of actions of Environmental Education, and increased geotourism actions.



RIBEIRO-FREITAS, Joanne E. Geodiversidade e arqueologia do núcleo C em Serranópolis, Goiás: uma análise integrada. 2022. 130 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Instituto de Estudos Socioambientais, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2022.