Mestrado em Geografia (IESA)

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    Uma leitura geográfica do documentário “Cartas para Angola”: sujeitos e paisagens
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-10-03) Louzada, Maria Ercilia; Chaveiro, Eguimar Felício;; Chaveiro, Eguimar Felício; Oliveira, Adão Francisco de; Barros, Juliana Ramalho
    Lettres à l'Angola est un film documentaire qui réunit l'Angola, le Brésil et le Portugal. Les personnages-sujets communiquent par le biais de lettres vidéo dans lesquelles ils décrivent des parties de leurs trajectoires, des trajectoires qui expriment souvent des paysages qu'ils ont vécus. En plus du sujet qui vit son paysage dans le documentaire, il y a un spectateur qui reçoit le documentaire et l'analyse à travers le cadre de ses expériences. Cette recherche qualitative s'appuie sur une enquête bibliographique sur le cinéma et la géographie. Ses objectifs sont d'analyser les paysages vécus et montrés par les sujets dans une perspective humaniste et d'analyser l'expérience du spectateur face à l'œuvre cinématographique. La géographie humaniste cherche à comprendre la relation sujet/paysage et la géographie du cinéma l'expérience du spectateur qui, lorsqu'il regarde un film, y ajoute l'expérience des sujets avec leurs paysages qui font partie du documentaire. Le problème de recherche consiste à répondre à ce que les sujets du documentaire et les réalisateurs peuvent transmettre sur leurs paysages et à ce que l'expérience filmique révèle au spectateur et sur lui. Elle repose sur les hypothèses suivantes: les paysages filmiques produisent des espaces d'expériences et des récits d'espace; les sujets des discours peuvent exprimer leurs expériences avec les paysages dans le but de transmettre des significations; tous les paysages ont une objectivité et une subjectivité, soit pour donner de la visibilité ou de l'invisibilité aux éléments de l'espace; et le spectateur peut expérimenter d'autres espaces lorsqu'il est en contact avec un paysage filmique.
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    Geodiversidade e arqueologia do núcleo C em Serranópolis, Goiás: uma análise integrada
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-09-27) Freitas, Joanne Ester Ribeiro; Lima, Cláudia Valéria de;; Lima, Cláudia Valéria de; Rubin, Julio Cezar Rubin de; Cabral, João Batista Pereira
    The municipality of Serranópolis, southwest of the State of Goiás, presents an important set of pre-colonial archaeological sites in shelters and in the open, with rock representations (paintings and engravings), archaeological remains and human burials in a preserved context. The research is based on concepts, theories and methods arising from both areas of knowledge, analyzed together and provide the basis for interpretations of the rich and broad context of natural and cultural heritage. The study area covers the archaeological sites: GO-Ja-11(1-3) and GO-Ja-05, all in shelters in the sandstone of the Botucatu Formation and which feature cave paintings and engravings. The research is justified by seeking to characterize the geodiversity of the Coliseu Complex, which is located in the urban area of Serranópolis. The objective is to develop an integrated analysis (macro-environmental analysis, archaeological and geodiversity context, incidences of natural and anthropic factors) that operate in Center C. Regarding methods, physical characterizations, socio-environmental context, geoarchaeological context, development of actions were carried out of geodiversity (inventory, classification and quantification models) and cultural characterizations (macro, meso and microscale), which are presented through field research, and which is structured in three stages: office, field and laboratory. The results of these analyzes point out the archaeological sites inserted in a context of macro (compartmentalizations), meso (the sites) and micro (cultural and individual aspects of the sites) scale environment, therefore, it was verified that these sites have geodiversity interest in aspects: petrological, stratigraphic, geomorphological and archaeological. Geosites (archaeological sites - Core C) are classified as an area. Because they contain similar basic characteristics, they are large in size, with low indicators of fragility and vulnerability, high resistance to tourism, easy to popularize and have the same types of interest as Geodiversity. Therefore, the set of geosites is classified as an area geosite typology, given the characterizations, it has national relevance. Regarding the incidence of natural and anthropic factors that act in the area of Core C, the results show that the main natural factors are: physical weathering, chemical weathering and biological weathering caused mainly by the action of roots and microorganisms; and anthropic factors (deforestation, fires, vandalism, livestock, agriculture, extractive activities and implementation of hydroelectric plants) and in association with natural factors, significantly harm the current state of the sites, distorting the naturalcultural heritage. The analyzes show that in terms of valuations, Core C is suitable for scientific and tourist use, which also, within the category of ecosystem values of geodiversity, corresponds to the Functional, Cultural, Knowledge and Aesthetic value. The elements presented in the integrated analysis contextualize the environmental, cultural, economic, and social aspects of the study area. The knowledge and results presented were fundamental for the development of proposals for geoconservation measures that are presented in short, medium and long-term actions, using conservation, valorization, dissemination and monitoring strategies, and can be used for the development of actions of Environmental Education, and increased geotourism actions.
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    Pre-sença e cartografia existencial candomblecista: estudo de caso no terreiro Ilê Asé Omo Ayrá em águas lindas de Goiás-Go
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-08-31) Morais Junior, Evandro Luiz Andrade; Maia, Carlos Eduardo Santos;; Maia, Carlos Eduardo Santos; Moreira, Jorgeanny de Fatima Rodrigues; Borges, Ronan Eustáquio
    The present work proposes discussions and reflections about the phenomena of candomblecist practices that are established in the daily space-time of the terreiro, attributing a path of existential meaning to the being. The main object of study will be the terreiro Ile Asè Omo Ayrà, located in the municipality of Águas Lindas de Goiás, in which it proposes to analyze daily tasks and the spatial understandings that emerge in a network of interactions and fundamental representations about the presence of the practitioner. . In this sense, we seek to establish possible phenomenal connections about existential understandings through the use and construction of existential cartography. The research is based on qualitative methods as a resource to deepen the theme addressed. For this, a bibliographical, documentary and phenomenological survey is used, using the works of Heidegger (2002,2001, 2012,1995), in all stages applied in the research. In addition, the construction and application of semi-structured interviews will serve as a basis for investigating phenomena related to practices in the space-time of the terreiro, building and traversing a path on existential analytics. These interviews will analyze aspects that permeate the candomblecist world, bringing their voice and understanding of the phenomena attributed to presence. Dissertations by authors such as Mafessoli, Tuan, Morais, Heidegger, Parés, Bachelard, among others, will be used. The fundamental concepts worked on, based on the cited works are: presence, existence, being, meta-ethnic, space, social grouping and cartography. It is concluded that the phenomenological method constitutes a mode of existence on the practitioner's unveiled truth, giving him an interpretation on the phenomena that permeate his worldliness.
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    Análise morfométrica e dinâmica de uso e cobertura da terra da bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão João Leite: insumos para avaliação da infiltração e escoamento superficial
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-25) Cruz, Vitor Pereira; Nascimento, Diego Tarley Ferreira;; Luiz, Gislaine Cristina;; Luiz, Gislaine Cristina; Nascimento, Diego Tarley Ferreira; Oliveira, Ivanilton José de; Moura, Derick Martins Borges de
    Water is an important element for the maintenance of global production systems and for social sustainability. To avoid the problems related to the impacts of water security, one of the main forms of studies is with the river basins. Attention is drawn to the Ribeirão João Leite Hydrographic Basin BHRJL, which already has serious maintenance problems, considering that, of the 491 springs that feed it, only 70 are properly protected and another 23 can no longer be recovered. The hypothesis of the work considers that the hydrographic basin of the Ribeirão João Leite over the years will not be able to provide the same water capacity necessary for the region. The work aimed to carry out a spatio-temporal mapping of land cover and use to evaluate the hydrological behavior of water infiltration in the soil in order to evaluate the hydrological behavior of infiltration and surface runoff of water in the soil within the BHRJL. to evaluate the water infiltration capacity in the basin. The work used methods and techniques of environmental analysis and geoprocessing, acquisition of land cover and use mapping made available by the MapBiomas project was carried out and evaluation of morphometric characteristics were used scenes of images from MDE to evaluate the water infiltration capacity in the basin. The analyzes of land cover and use showed that BHRJL underwent a significant dynamic in occupation, mainly in pasture areas because it has the highest percentage of area in geoprocessing of the basin. Through the analyzes of BHRJL's morphometry, it was understood that it is not prone to flooding, and has average drainage rates, with high ease of surface runoff. In relation to erosion and sediment loading, it has medium potential, thus understanding that the basin has an average favoring for BHRJL's water recharge.
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    Microclima em ambiente cavernícola: estudo da variação microclimática da caverna Lapa do Boqueirão, Vila Propício, GO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2021-05-10) Oliveira, Luciano Henrique Almeida de; Bayer, Maximiliano;; Bayer, Maximiliano; Barros, Juliana Ramalho; Momoli, Renata Santos
    The cave environments constitute one of the ecosystems of fundamental importance in nature, due to the great biodiversity of species found in these environments, the geological characteristics, the drainage patterns, the speleothems and the patrimonial, social and economic representativeness for the populations that live close to these areas (BUECHER, 1999; LINO, 2001). The understanding of the climatic aspects of caves is necessary for the generation of data that allow the atmospheric modeling of these environments, and the observation of the variables or characteristics found in the microclimate of caves. This is of great importance in the planning and management of natural resources, assisting in the management, planning and conservation of these environments (FREITAS, 2010). Resulting in an important tool to support research on cave environments. In most studies on cave environments, there is a strong presence of works related only to the geology of caves, denoting a lack of studies on the internal microclimatic processes of caves throughout Brazil (LOBO, 2010). The microclimatic scale comprises the atmospheric variations over the surface varying in height according to the aspects found in the landscape (MONTEIRO, 1990; MENDONÇA; DANNI-SILVA, 2007). Becoming the best scale for evaluating the cave atmosphere. Monitoring by means of thermohygrometers that store daily data, statistical analysis and comparison between graphs, allowed us to evaluate the microclimate in the cave Lapa do Boqueirão, located in the municipality of Vila Propício. State of Goiás. The acquired information revealed significant differences of the thermal variability of the cavity in relation to the external environment. Presenting circulation patterns and internal regulation mechanisms of thermal variability between environments that corroborate the characteristic specificities of a microclimate (LUETSCHER; LISMONDE; JEANNIN, 2008; LOBO, 2012). The results obtained in this research serve as support and contribution to studies conducted on the speleological landscape, especially those that consider the microclimatic parameters, and can assist in scientific analysis and decision-making of priority caves for conservation and preservation.
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    O aparecimento político e o repertório de lugares dos Cariri de Poço Dantas-Umari, Crato - Ceará
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2021-04-06) Nascimento, Francisco Joedson da Silva; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio;; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio; Castilho, Denis; Palitot, Estêvão Martins
    Aiming to understand the process of political emergence and the repertoire of places of the Cariri of Poço Dantas-Umari in the municipality of Crato-CE, in this present study I approach how this indigenous group has been experiencing and managing the self-recognition process and struggle for access to constitutionally guaranteed rights, as well as seeking to identify the relationships established with the contemporary and previously occupied geographic space. The research is guided by two main concepts: political emergence and repertoire of places. The first was proposed by José de Souza Martins to understand the political movements in Brazil led by indigenous peoples and peasants during the second half of the 20th century, when indigenous peoples started to build inter-ethnic articulations at regional and national levels. The second comes from Ratts, who when understanding the territory as a repertoire of places, defines it as the set of spaces occupied in the past and in the present, stage of transits and relationships, remembered and spoken by those who territorialize them, along to the aggregate locations in the process of political emergence. This set conforms as a discontinuous territory, formed by spaces appropriated by a peoples/groups, which are accessed in different ways and objectives. To understand the historical and spatial context in which the Cariri are found, I approach the processes experienced by indigenous peoples in Ceará with a focus on the actions they have been involved in since the 1980s, and especially in the experience of the Kariri people in Aldeia Maratoan on the outskirts of the country town of Crateús, when discussing the movement carried out in this city, it is succeed to understand what has been happening in Crato. Thus, I sought to identify the repertoire of places of the Kariri people in Ceará to analyze their presence and the process of political emergence of three communities of that ethnicity, two in Ceará (Gameleira in São Benedito and Poço Dantas-Umari in Crato) and one in Piauí (Serra Grande in Queimada Nova) that have direct relations with Maratoan. I conclude by discussing the sociopolitical dynamics of indigenous peoples in Ceará from the various mappings of these peoples contemporary presence in that state.
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    Ensinar a cidade com a linguagem cartográfica: contribuições e potencialidades para o desenvolvimento do pensamento geográfico
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-03-06) César, Ana Paula Feitosa; Richter, Denis;; Richter, Denis; Moraes, Loçandra Borges de; Cavalcanti, Lana de Souza
    Geography is an important curricular component of Basic Education in Brazil, mainly because the field of studies about the city contributes a lot to our population that is predominantly urban. Although, the hypothesis is that these contents are worked without exploring all its potentiality or the possible critical readings that contribute to de development of students’ geographic thoughts. A possibility to overcome this challenge would be to integrate, on a more critical and constructive way, the cartographic language, on a didactic mediation perspective to reflect about the production of space e about the different reading about the city. Considering such elements, the objective of this research was to perform an investigation about didactic strategies that contribute to the city teaching. In this sense, the investigation had structured from an analyses of main theoretical-methodological discussion about city teaching, cartographic language and geographic thought. In sequence, an analysis was made of how a group of teachers of Goiânia/GO carries out content work in teaching cities, as well as elaborating a proposal for a didactic sequence that integrates the cartographic language on a construction of a geographic view to the students’ urban space. Among the gotten results from the documental analysis and interview analysis, it was verified that the cartographic language is used recurrently only as an instrument of localization of the urban phenomena, making it difficult for the teachers and students make more complex analyses, about the phenomena and the geographic situations inherent to its spatial practices. So, through the strategies used on the didactic sequence, it is observed that, when the city is thought from the contents articulated with the use of the cartographic language, in a critical perspective, it is possible to identify the development of the geographic thoughts. The expectation is contribute to the studies in the field of geographic education, mainly with regard to the city teaching and school cartography. The articulation of these two fields of studies have a lot of potential to the Geography teaching that contributes to the exercise of citizenship.
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    Análise da paisagem do sítio arqueológico GO-Ja-02, em Serranópolis-GO: caracterização e conservação
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-03) Souza, Mariana Garcia de; Rubin, Julio Cezar Rubin de;; Cabral, João Batista Pereira;; Cabral, João Batista Pereira; Becegato, Valter Antonio; Lima, Cláudia Valéria de
    The Site GO-Ja-02 is part of the Serranópolis archaeological site complex and was initially identified by Schmitz and his team between the 1970s and 1980s in the 20th century. This site, constituted by a sandstone shelter from the Botucatu Formation, is interspersed with basalt flows from the Serra Geral Formation. In this perception, the justification for this theme focuses on the fact that this shelter stands out for its almost continuous occupation and for its variability of archaeological materials such as rock records, other materials, aspects of regional geodiversity and burials. In this sense, the main objective of this dissertation is to characterize the local landscape, with the processes of the dynamics of the slope in which the Site GO-Ja-02 is inserted. The question that guides the study is: are there possible elements that pose risks to the conservation of the Site GO-Ja-02? This corpus is also analyzed from the geosite perspective, based on some criteria established by Brilha and by Gray. The methodology consists of three stages: office, field and laboratory, with satellite images, georeferenced data, photographs and soil collections. The results are divided into two moments: the first one concerns the interpretation of the elements present in the slope, focusing on the abitotic factors of the geomorphology, geology and types of soil present in the area, with emphasis on the physical-chemical analysis of the soil collections. The observed dynamics could be synthesized in a topographic profile that illustrates the relations among these elements. In the second moment, the landscape in approach is included within the debate on geodiversity and geoheritage, in which the GO-Ja-02 is also considered as a geosite. In this regard, the soil around is highlighted as a question of major importance, since erosion processes and soil loss were identified nearby the site, what points to possible risks for the conservation of the site.
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    A influência das dolinas na vulnerabilidade do aquífero Urucuia, Chapadão Central - oeste da Bahia, Brasil
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-02-06) Silva, Gisele Bispo da; Cherem, Luis Felipe Soares;; Cherem, Luis Felipe Soares; Nunes, Elizon Dias; Zancopé, Márcio Henrique de Campos
    The karst system is generally known for developing in carbonate environments. Formed by the interaction between acidified water and soluble rocks, it sculpts the relief into different types and shapes by the process of dissolution. Studies have pointed out the development of karstic systems in siliciclastic rocks, such as sandstones, for example, and, differently from carbonates, in these rocks the main karst formation process is piping. Among the morphologies developed by karst, whether in carbonates or not, the dolines are the main surface features, also known as closed depressions, whose size varies from a few meters to hundreds of meters in depth and diameter. Due to this difference in size and shape, identifying them in the middle of distinct landscapes or in very large areas is sometimes difficult. Dolines are fragile features and are a connection between the surface and the underground. Because of this, they can act directly as potential contaminants of groundwater. For reason of having evidences of dolines developed in sandstones in Chapadão Central - West of Bahia, the area being directly affected by agricultural activities and being under domain of the Urucuia Aquifer System (SAU), the research had as objective to identify and to validate these features by means of mapping technique using Digital Elevation Model (DEM), with SRTM data - 30m and, by morphometric analysis and to relate them with the potential of contamination of the aquifer by means of the evaluation of intrinsic vulnerability applied by the COP method. The methodology that used the MDE for the identification of dolines presented good results for Chapadão. The database was adjusted to avoid possible errors, thus allowing the extraction of information from 109 dolines with precision. It is a low cost methodology and can be applied in areas of large territorial extension. The COP method also presented satisfactory results for Chapadão, showing that the area presents the 5 vulnerability classes (Very High, High, Moderate, Low and Very Low). The most vulnerable classes, considered as very high and high, are spatially distributed in the western portion of the Chapadão, corresponding directly with the presence of the dolines. This indicates that the use and occupation of the lands of Chapadão without an adequate environmental management can impact the dolines superficially and lead to a contamination of the Urucuia aquifer.
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    Modelagem da perda de solos e suas relações com a estrutura fundiária na consolidação do agronegócio no cerrado setentrional
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-02-07) Gamper, Mateus Araujo Bezerra; Cherem, Luis Felipe Soares;; Cherem, Luis Felipe Soares; Zancopé, Márcio Henrique de Campos; Nunes, Elizon Dias
    The northern portion of the Cerrado Biome is considered the last agricultural frontier in the country, reorganizing the geographic space of the region in recent decades, being the object of sectorial public policies. The transformation of this region led to an increase in the production of agricultural commodities in the region, which implies environmental impacts inherent to large-scale agricultural production, the main one being the erosion of agricultural soils. In this sense, the objective is to evaluate the relationship between the consolidation of the agrarian structure and the spatial and temporal variation of soil loss in the Northern Cerrado for the production of agricultural commodities between 1990 and 2020, considering the role of the periurban area and urban. The proposal has as study area the municipality of São Desidério - BA, the main agricultural producer in the region with the highest agricultural GDP in the country in 2018. To achieve this objective, the mathematical model of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (EUPS) is used. -R / RUSLE) – applied for the years 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008, 2014 and 2020, with soil losses calculated for each agricultural property, classified according to the type of rural module (small farms, small , medium and large properties), also considering the legal reserves. The results obtained reveal a distinction in two groups: the constant increase in soil loss in small, medium and large properties and higher losses for smallholdings and legal reserves in all years analyzed. In the first group, the factor that controlled the increase in soil losses was the soil cover (CP), while in the second, the factors that controlled the highest soil losses during the entire period were the slope length (L) and slope (S) and the soil (K). This spatial and temporal structure of soil losses in the municipality indicates that soil loss increased in the largest properties due to the conversion of the Cerrado, despite being in the most suitable reliefs and soils for agriculture and livestock. While in smallholdings and legal reserves, the higher values ​​are due to the natural characteristics of the municipality, as these are, in general, in more sloping reliefs and soils that are more fragile. It is observed, in this sense, that the land structure is a determining factor to explain the loss of soil in the municipality.
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    Os mapas nos livros didáticos de geografia e de ciências humanas e sociais aplicadas no ensino médio: currículo e construção do pensamento geográfico
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-10-21) Cavallini, Gabriel Martins; Richter, Denis;; Richter, Denis; Bueno, Miriam Aparecida; Duarte, Ronaldo Goulart
    Geography is, historically, an important curricular component of Brazilian basic education. Therefore, in the field of Geography Teaching, we have sought to understand which methodologies and languages most contribute to the teaching-learning process of Geography. In addition, the reality of Brazilian public schools is very complex, given the social and infrastructure inequalities of the federation units. However, there is a material of almost universal access, the textbook, thus transforming it into a basic instrument of the educational system. Considering these elements, the objective of the present investigation is to analyze the cartographic language present in the Geography and Social and Applied Human Sciences textbooks of High School approved in the PNLD 2015, 2018 and 2021, reflecting on the influence of curriculum documents on these materials and the contribution of this language for the construction of geographic thought. In this sense, the investigation was structured from a documentary analysis of the reference resumes, especially the National Curricular Parameters (PCN) and the National Curricular Common Base (BNCC), as well as textbooks approved in the PNLDs 2015, 2018 and 2021. Among the results obtained through document analysis, it was found that the cartographic language is used recurrently only as an instrument for locating phenomena, making it difficult for teachers and students to weave more complex analyzes about phenomena and geographical situations. This factor shows that, in relation to the use of cartographic language for the teaching-learning process of Geography, in the context of High School, it has not been used in order to contribute to the construction of a geographical way of thinking by students.
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    Modelagem cartográfica de áreas verdes urbanas: uma análise para a delimitação de potenciais corredores ecológicos na bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão Anicuns, Goiânia - GO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-10-14) Souza, Jaila Raiane Barbosa de; Nunes, Fabrizia Gioppo;; Nunes, Fabrizia Gioppo; Faria, Karla Maria Silva de; Carneiro, Vandervilson Alves
    The increase of the urban population at the expense of the rural population, the inhabitants of the cities carry out several transformations in this environment, aiming to maximize their structural comfort. In this context, urban green areas are highly impacted and their quality and quantity are affected. This research aims to define potential areas for the implementation of ecological corridors with the help of the following elements: land use and cover, street layout, hydrography, slope, vegetation fragments and protection areas. Therefore, the aim of this study was to cartographically model the continuity and discontinuity of urban green areas of the Ribeirão Anicuns Watershed, in order to assess the spatial configuration of ecological corridors in the geographic landscape. The methodological procedures included satellite image data processing, geospatial data elaboration and analysis, landscape metrics, and map algebra. The data were prepared with the aid of the Geographic Information System - GIS and data obtained from government databases available such as Goiânia City Hall, IBGE and Civil Defense. The results of this research indicate high fragmentation of vegetation in the Ribeirão Anicuns watershed, where 6,260 out of 6,504 fragments are smaller than 1 ha, representing very small polygons. However, there are 7 large fragments (>40 ha) in the watershed that represents interesting area for the implementation of connections between nearby fragments. It is evident that the characteristic of agriculture and pasture uses, still prevalent in the western region of the watershed, has resulted in this area presenting the highest number of areas favorable to the implementation of an ecological corridor. he Jardim Botânico Park, characterized by its large remaining vegetation, the proximity to other parks, and recorded hydrological imbalances in its proximity, such as flood points, has been identified as a priority connection area for the implementation of ecological corridors. This action aims to revitalize APPs and improve environmental quality in the region.
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    O componente físico-natural água na geografia escolar em Anápolis/GO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-12-20) Zózimo, Marco Aurélio Dias; Morais, Eliana Marta Barbosa de;; Morais, Eliana Marta Barbosa de; Alves, Adriana Olívia; Romão, Patrícia de Araújo
    Water is considered one of society's most important resources. Its uses go through different uses. Its association with the teaching of Geography is proposed as one of the physical-natural components of the geographic space. This theme is worked from different perspectives in the geographic space and, therefore, one of the questions we have is how to teach it in a meaningful way to the students and, at the same time, enable them to undertake the reality from a geographic perspective? As one of the indications presented in the literature is to mobilize the students' daily life to guide the teaching and learning process in Basic Education, we also wonder: how to mobilize this daily life when working with issues related to water? And also, what issues have been addressed when dealing with this component in Basic Education? Thus, having water as an object of study, we aimed to understand the knowledge mobilized by Geography teachers when working with the topic of water in the Final Years of Elementary School in the State Education Network (REE) in Anápolis/GO. And as specific objectives: to verify how the topic of water has been investigated in School Geography; to identify themes and analyze the concepts used by Geography teachers when teaching classes related to the water component in the Final Years of Elementary School; to understand the themes and conceptions related to water in teaching materials (textbooks and curricula) used by Geography teachers participating in the research; to propose, in partnership with the investigated teachers, conceptual systems for the work with water components in School Geography. Taking into account the assumptions of qualitative research, we established as spatial cutout a School of the State Education Network of the city of Anápolis, and as research subjects, the Geography teachers of the Final Years of Elementary School. We performed different procedures, such as: literature review, mobilization of questionnaires to the teachers participating in the research, analysis of curriculum documents (textbooks, BNCC and DC-GO) and workshops. In addition, we also conducted surveys through the state of knowledge (1972 to 2019) in dissertations and theses defended in Graduate Programs in Geography, approved by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), which deal with the topic of water. Finally, we start from discussions that seek to articulate the theoretical and methodological relevance of initial training in the development of teaching practice. This took place through the aforementioned procedures. In these discussions, the teachers presented the existence of gaps between what is taught in schools through the contents related to the natural-physical components, especially water, and the contents learned in their initial training. Thus, we highlight the relevance of concept formation when developing reflections between everyday and scientific concepts. Therefore, this work required the methodological guidelines proposed by Vygotsky (1998), under the fundamental relationship between pedagogical mediation and concept formation, from the teaching and learning process, based on the students' daily lives.
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    O fascículo didático “Conhecendo os solos de Silvânia” como proposta para o ensino e popularização do conteúdo de solo
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-02-03) Carvalho, Isabela Ruconsve; Jesus, Andrelisa Santos de;; Oliveira, Ivanilton José de;; Oliveira, Ivanilton José de; Alves, Adriana Olívia; Santos, Lúcio José Braga dos
    Soil is crucial for the development and maintenance of all life on earth. It performs essential functions such as carbon sequestration, habitat for organisms, nutrient cycling, climate regulation, water purification and contaminant degradation, it is also the foundation of human infrastructure. Due to its social and environmental relevance, the soil theme is addressed in several areas of knowledge. This theme is especially relevant for understanding the phenomena resulting from the processes of land use and occupation expressed in the landscape. In this context, the school plays a fundamental role in promoting teaching and learning in basic education. It is understood that teaching actions and strategies can be leveraged from the use of didactic materials aimed at popularizing soil in school geography and other disciplines. Thus, this research aimed to analyze the potentiality of the didactic booklet for the mobilization of geographic knowledge about the soil in the teaching of Geography. The specific objectives of the research are: a) reflect on the geographic knowledge that constitutes the soil; b) emphasize the importance of cartographic and pedological knowledge in soil reflection; c) investigate the perception of professors in the evaluation of the didactic booklet; d) expand the didactic material Knowing the Soils of Silvânia (GO) Carvalho et al. (2020) with a focus on connections between soils and the local landscape; e) to contribute to the popularization of soil content in basic education in Silvânia. Based on qualitative research procedures, specifically on the case study, this work has the municipality of Silvânia as a spatial cut. Thus, an analysis of themes related to soil in basic education of the subject of Geography and Science in basic education (especially elementary education II) arranged in the Base Nacional Comum Curricular and in the Curricular Document for Goiás was elaborated. Thematic maps were prepared aiming at the spatialization and physical characterization of the surroundings of the elementary schools in the municipality and the contextualization of the soil and other physical-natural components in the urban and rural landscape of Silvânia. In addition, virtual questionnaires were developed aimed at primary school teachers in Silvânia, aiming to understand the teacher's analysis regarding the didactic booklet Knowing the Soils of Silvânia (GO) Carvalho et al. (2020). Subsequently, a qualitative analysis of the results of the applied virtual polls was carried out, from these surveys the aspects of expansion of the didactic fascicle were listed, as well as the final wording of the expanded edition of the fascicle. Data analysis indicated the need for a systemic approach to the soil, integrated with the physical-natural and socio-spatial aspects of the landscape based on the discussions and approaches to the soil in the various didactic materials in basic education. It is understood that the potential of popularizing soils through the elaboration of didactic material, especially the didactic booklet, will be expanded from the appreciation of the following aspects: a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach to the content of soil addressed in the school curriculum; focus on scalar relationships of soil-related phenomena; focus on the local scale, with an approach to physical and natural aspects, historical, cultural and economic characteristics, and the processes of land use and occupation; appreciation of the principles of geographic reasoning in the analysis of local and global phenomena related to the soil; contextualization of cartographic and pedological knowledge; valuing teacher participation; appreciation of the functions of the didactic text in the process of elaborating the didactic fascicle and the valorization of ludic aspects related to the language and iconography of the didactic fascicle.
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    Os mapas nas aulas de geografia: possibilidades e encaminhamentos didáticos no estudo dos fluxos populacionais
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-12-09) Queiroz, Aliny Ferreira; Bueno, Miriam Aparecida;; Bueno, Miriam Aparecida; Richter, Denis; Oliveira, Lidiane Bezerra
    This research aims to understand how the cartographic language enhances the teaching of migrationrelated content. Therefore, it was necessary to discuss the importance of Cartography for Geographic Education, as well as to reflect on the contribution of maps and graphs to the understanding of population flows in Brazilian territory. The means of investigation comprised the bibliographic research, supported by several authors, who discuss the teaching of Geography and School Cartography, with emphasis on cartographic language, which was the main guiding axis of the research. There was also the systematization of a field research in a school of the State Education Network of Goiás, from the elaboration and application of a sequence of didactic activities that explore the language of maps and graphics to discuss the migratory issues consolidated in the geographic space. . Therefore, this study presents itself as a possibility to carry out a school work that provides an opportunity to understand and problematize the spatialization of migratory phenomena. This aspect can be evidenced in the analysis of the results of the field research, which reveals that the students were able to understand and discuss the content materialized in the map. Aware of this, we highlight the importance of a teaching proposal that explores the cartographic language, which understands that maps are means of communication that transmit geographic information that must be investigated in the classroom.
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    Pessoas com deficiências: uma abordagem das práticas espaciais no espaço urbano de Barra do Garças-MT
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-10-17) Maciel, Márcio Pinheiro; Borges, Ronan Eustáquio;; Borges, Ronan Eustáquio; Chaveiro, Eguimar Felício; Melo, Sandro Cristiano de
    This work is the result of a research in the area of Geography, which aimed to understand the spatial practices of People with Disabilities in the urban space of Barra do Garças-MT. In this sense, to perceive and understand the non-appropriation of city spaces by PCD, aiming, at least, to present the difficulties and challenges encountered in the urban space of Barra do Garças, related to people with disabilities. Within this investigation, it is clear that accessibility plays an important role in the democratization of spaces, as well as looking at the urban public space as deficient, which needs adaptations to serve all people - residents or not - of the municipality. Disability is in space and not in people. The realization of this research involves: a presentation of elementary concepts of the geographic scope; an exhibition on the urban organization and characterization of the municipality of Barra do Garças; in addition to the necessary understanding of the concept of spatial practices and the analysis of urban space, from the perspective of instruments favorable to the understanding of geographic space and the legal provisions that regulate the rights of people with disabilities. As a method of obtaining data, the theoretical support was guided by a qualitative and quantitative reflection. The research took place in six stages, each one being worked on in a systematic way, namely: the 1st stage: bibliographic survey and bibliographic review; II stage: survey of data in population censuses to identify the percentage of PCD present in the municipality; Stage III: reading of books, articles, periodicals and dissertations that deal with the subject; IV stage: conducting interviews following the network indication technique, where one interview indicates another. V stage: carrying out field work in the public spaces cited by the interviewees as spaces they frequent to verify the accessibility characteristics of these places. VI stage: data tabulation/interpretation, elaboration/production of the analytical text of the dissertation.
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    O uso da maquete para aprendizagem do componente físico-natural relevo na geografia escolar
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-12-20) Silva, Ricardo Faria; Alves, Adriana Olívia;; Alves, Adriana Olívia; Richter, Denis; Queiroz, Fabiana Rodrigues Oliveira
    The approach referral on the physical-natural component relief at Scholar Geography has been directed within a fragmented teaching paradigm that is also isolated and descriptive, which disregard the relation that is established with the other the physical-natural and social components. It is ruled by a macroescalar approach relief in which it is observed the absence of the hydrographic basin situated where the students live and also a meaningful geographic situation. This amount of factors has not contributed to the students’ formation on a geographic point of view perspective that is critic, autonomous and emancipatory. In face of this problematic, this research defends the construction and usage of scale models under the geographic slant due to the approach of physical-natural component relief through meso and microforms scales, having the hydrographic basin of stream Rola in order to construct and develop geographical knowledge on the students’ formation process. Thus, the main objective is substantiated on analyzing the potential of scale models to mobilize the knowledge about relief on the students’ formation on the place/city scale. From this objective, the following specific ones are unfolded: a) Comprehend the usage of scale models on Geography teaching with focus on the geographical view over the physical-natural component relief; b) Construct a scale model as an instrument capable of contributing to the mobilization of knowledge about the relief integrated to both physical-natural and social components; c) Develop a geographic thinking which integrates the physical-natural component relief among the natural processes and social act on meso and micro scales; d) Evaluate the scale model’s construction regarding the knowledge mobilization about the Geography teaching of relief, having as spatial cut the hydrographic basin. In order to achieve these study’s objectives, we used the participant qualitative research in education which evolved twenty 2nd grade-students from Centro de Ensino em Período Integral Pangeia (fictional name so that the school identity is not reveled) situated in the municipality of Aragarças-GO. As methodological procedures, we executed readings of books, thesis, dissertations and scientific papers about the physical-natural component relief at Scholar Geography, Geography teaching, scale models and hydrographic basin; we headed the iconographic questionnaire and the interview guide; we ministered dialogued and expositive classes within the construction of a scale model on hydrographic basin of stream Rola; we analyzed the data provided. As result, we verified that the construction proposal and the usage of scale models to approach the physical-natural component relief, through the hydrographic basin, has a huge potential to the construction and amplification of geographic knowledge on the students’ formation process. By means of the hydrographic basin scale models, the physical-natural component relief was not treated in an isolated, static and descriptive way, but, instead, integrated to other physical-natural and social components. Thus, the place, the relief meso and microforms, the hydrographic basin, besides the environmental and social impacts became reality to the students at Geography teaching. This group mobilized and internalized geographic knowledge so that the geographic space of the hydrographic basin could be analyzed as a whole, searching for the causes of geographic phenomenon and, at the same time, possible solutions through the geographic thinking. We hope that the discussions mobilized in this research may contribute with both the students’ geographic formation and the teachers’ continued one.
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    “Caminhos que formam”: redes e produção do território no Cariri cearense oitocentista
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-08-30) Oliveira, Anderson Felipe Santos; Castilho, Denis;; Castilho, Denis; Pereira Júnior, Edilson Alves; Nobre, Francisco Wlirian
    The economic arrangements constituted by cattle raising in the colonial framework promoted great changes in the territory of the entire captaincy. The appearance of the villages, in the first half of the 19th century, is linked to a series of transformations in the Ceará territory since its independence from Pernambuco. In this process, the established networks synthesize the relations that have repercussions in Cariri in the constitution of its economy facing the paradigms of production, circulation, and consumption. Such questions led us to problematize: what functions did the networks play in the territorial transformations of Cariri Ceará in the 19th century? For this, we seek to understand its genesis, its role in the production process of the territory in Cariri in the early nineteenth century, and the influence of the modernization plans of the networks in the constitution of a connection from the south of the province to Fortaleza. The methodological procedures are based on a bibliographical survey of themes such as networks and production of territory, the formation of Cariri Cearense, railroad implementation projects, and the territory modernization process. In addition, based on the collections of platforms such as the Biblioteca Nacional Digital, the Instituto Histórico do Ceará, and the Center for Research Libraries - Global Resources Network, we researched documents, reports, maps, and texts about the networks and the territory of Ceará. In concluding our analysis, we understand that the networks made possible, in the first half of the 1800s, the attempt to constitute a territorial unit not only economically, but also politically and administratively, articulating the south of Ceará with the neighboring hinterlands. However, from the 1860s on, Cariri became a central element in the organization of the modernization projects of the Ceará networks and territory as a control point in the south of the state decreasing the influence of the neighboring provinces and increasing the centrality of Fortaleza. As elements of integration and control, the networks allow us to understand how, in the 19th century Cariri, different subjects used them to act territorially in the realm of circulation, limits, and power.
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    Tateando a educação inclusiva: cartografia tátil no processo de formação de professores de geografia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-11-29) Morais, Enoque Gomes de; Bueno, Míriam Aparecida;; Bueno, Míriam Aparecida; Richter, Denis; Nascimento, Rosemy da Silva
    Since School Inclusion is mandatory at all levels and teaching modalities, and with the teacher as the North in the effectiveness of this process, with his role as a mediator in the teaching and learning process and in the face of possible demands of work with blind students in Basic Education , since, in this context, Geography classes, when inclusive, require inclusive resources that allow accessibility and their uses also require adequate methodologies, and it is also important to discuss the ways in which these resources are mobilized in the classroom. since in the school context, when it comes to the inclusion of people who are blind or have low vision, the use of adequate resources and methodologies are essential. Since the literature review on school inclusion of blind students (VASCONCELOS, 1993; CARMO 2009, 2011; VENTORINI e FREITAS, 2003, 2011; FREITAS, 2011, 2017) points out that the absence of adequate professional training for teachers can make it difficult or even impossible to contemplate effective School Inclusion through Tactile Cartography as a didactic resource, whether in its adequacy or in its effective use. Thus, this research aimed to understand how the training of Geography teachers has occurred, focused on the inclusion of blind students through Tactile Cartography, especially after 2015 with the enactment of the Brazilian Inclusion Law. For this, in 14 Licentiate courses in Geography of public Higher Education Institutions distributed in the states of Goiás and Pará, analyzes were carried out both in the PPCs seeking the presence, or not, of Tactile Cartography as content of disciplines or as complementary activities, as well as analyzes in the projections of these courses, through their leaders on Inclusion and use of Tactile Cartography in initial training and even with teachers responsible for disciplines that address Tactile Cartography, on the perception of training working with blind students, where we could see that in most Of the analyzed courses, both the preparation for working with blind students and approaches with Tactile Cartography are not present, going against what the LBI advocates, but that in the projections of most of these courses this adequacy will come in the coming years.
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    Gênero, agroecologia e relação cidade-campo: políticas públicas e construção da soberania alimentar em Goiás
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-11-22) Nóbrega, Stéfanny da Cruz; Ferreira, Lara Cristine Gomes;; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de;; Ferreira, Lara Cristine Gomes; García, María Franco; Cruz, Fabiana Thomé da
    This dissertation deals with the role of peasant women in the production of men's food and the repercussions of their work to guarantee the Food and Nutritional Security of the peasant family, as well as the horizon of construction of Food Sovereignty from the city-countryside relationship. To this end, the main methodological steps of the research are: 1) the survey on the themes, concepts and categories: Peasantry, Agroecology, Short Circuits of Commercialization, Territory, Work, Gender and Public Policies; 2) survey of statistical data, having as main sources: Ipea, IBGE, CPT, Diee, Mapa and Conab; 3) field work: in the municipalities of Goiânia, Aragoiânia, Bela Vista de Goiás, Silvânia, Vianópolis, Campestre de Goiás, Palmeiras de Goiás and Guapó. Thus, the research was structured from the spatial clipping of 10 experiences carried out by women in agroecological networks in Goiás, which welcomed us into their territories for conversations and transversal walks. The Territory analysis category was developed as central, for these experiences represented, in practice, the resistance to the territorialization of agribusiness, so that they are located in different conflicts. We also adopted a category of analysis, given the need to understand how women as political subjects, located in a context of pressure, exploitation and whose work is made invisible. The search for instruments to record the presence of women in the Agricultural Census is recent, and the absence of data reflects the absence of public policies that meet specific demands. In view of this, the research understood that women are the protagonists of an agroecological transition process that generates effects for female self-determination, for the permanence of families on the land and for access to men in the city. However, the process has resisted in the midst of solid networks and neoliberal contexts, in the face of a dismantling context. A presents the challenges and conducts public research for policy formulation.