Uso público do Parque Estadual de Serra Nova e Talhado (MG): impactos socioambientais do turismo e as potencialidades para a sustentabilidade

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The Conservation Units (UC) are protected areas that have as objectives to contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, to develop public use activities such as leisure, contact with nature, environmental education and scientific research. Such environments have been the target of significant tourist exploitation worldwide, which, when mistakenly carried out, has caused anthropic interference in the natural landscapes of these areas. The State Park "Serra Nova e Talhado" (PESTN), situated in the Northern region of Minas Gerais, is an example of a UC that presents great tourist potential, especially with activities focused on leisure and ecotourism. Although the Park has a Management Plan, it still does not have a Public Use Planning and some socio-environmental impacts are already recognized in its main attractions. Thus, this work had as its main objective to evaluate the socio-environmental impacts of public tourist use in the PESNT, presenting the potential for sustainability for the area. The methodological procedures involved characterization of the UC and analysis of the Management Plan; field work, questionnaires and interviews with visitors, UC management and ecotourists; detailed analysis of socio-environmental impacts on the most visited trails and SWOT analysis. The results indicate that the UC presents impacts such as erosion; garbage dump; graffiti on rocks; deforestation; damage to infrastructure and evidence of fires; the application of the questionnaire indicated that most respondents tend to ignore the impacts on the natural landscape of the PESNT and that the motivations for visiting the UC are due to leisure and there is no association for the contemplation of the natural landscape as the primary objective; the online questionnaires indicate that there is interest in visiting the PESNT in the future, although some participants are opposed to visitation due to the negative aspects presented. It becomes, therefore, the elaboration and implementation of the Public Use Planning, which includes the participation of various actors that are part of this tourism governance, to meet the objectives of the creation of the PESNT, contributing to the development of public use activities in the Park and minimizing the negative socioenvironmental impacts resulting from these activities.



SOBRINHO, A. R. Uso público do Parque Estadual de Serra Nova e Talhado (MG): impactos socioambientais do turismo e as potencialidades para a sustentabilidade. 2023, 143 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Instituto de Estudos Socioambientais, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023.