As relações de gênero na educação do corpo

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This paper deals with the mediations between body and gender in Physical Education as an argumentative study inserted into Culture and Educational Processes research field. The theoretical basis is comprised by authors with critical points of view. The issue that led the research involves the way gender relations appear on Physical Education Bachelor’s courses, aiming to understand how students perceive the differences between men and women in general and inserted into corporal practices, since other studies indicate the existence of a body sexist education in which there is still a distinguishment in women and men participation in corporal practices, occupancy of spaces and behavioral expectations. Therefore, this study aims to analyze how the gender relations have been discussed by Physical Education bachelor student from public institutions in Goiânia. The specific objectives are: analyze students’ understanding about the differences between men and women; and identify how gender issues permeate the body and corporal practices education. The work was built by the bias of the Historical Dialectical Materialism method with quantitative and qualitative approach to the analysis of searched data. For the data collection, the technique used was a questionnaire applied to 214 students enrolled from the first to the eight period of the graduation course. The first synthesis says about the naturalization of the differences related to the participation in Physical Education course. Thereby, students quote the culture as the main argument to this reality, especially when it involves practical lessons, as they realize that men make the use of the sports areas with greater freedom as a proper and legitimate male territory. The speech practised on the courses takes two poles: the resistance, not accepting the reality; and, naturalization and immutability of the cultural context. The perception of the differences between male and female revealed a dual and opposite perception as students expressed criticality and perception about the subject. However, there are still continuities, such as the interpretation of behaviors and expectations that announce the preservation of rigid and opposite notions about masculinity and femininity,observing a certain tendency to reinforce the heteronormativity. From several surveys, it is concluded that the genre is still a boundary to the body expression, participation in sports practises, dance and gymnastics in Physical Education graduation courses in Goiânia. In addition, it became visible that it is configured in the subjectivity the desires to approach the media body standard that reiterates. At last, the body practices carried out within and outside the institution are also subject to gender differences, reflecting a body education culturally directed by scientific and cultural conceptions of male and female subjects.



EVANGELISTA, Kelly Cristiny Martins. As relações de gênero na educação do corpo. 2018. 124 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.