O ensino do judô como possibilidade de minimização da violência física entre alunos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This dissertation links to the research line “Theoretical-methodological conceptions and teaching practices” of the Professional Master Program in Teaching in Basic Education of the Center of Teaching and Research Applied to Education (CEPAE) of the Federal University of Goiás (UFG). By means of the pedagogical practice by the teaching of judo, can one develop practices to diagnose, prevent and reduce violence among students? This question instigated us to make the research, having the teaching of judo as mediator object and element between conflicted relations among students. The general goal of the research was to realize an investigation into the pedagogical possibilities which the teaching of judo has to diagnose, prevent and reduce the physical violence among students. In specific goals we tried to: (a) investigate physical violence situations in the school context, in order to understand how this dynamics settles in interpersonal relationships among students, and check the perception and reaction of the teachers and staff in regard to the assaults practiced by students; (b) use judo teaching in class, adapting the constitutive elements of martial arts from an educational and preventive point of view, in order to hinder aggression among peers; (c) evaluate the use of pedagogical practice of the teaching of judo to adjust interpersonal relationships among students; (d) develop teaching material that may benefit other teachers to understand the meaning and the significance that judo practice may reach in the educational process. The main hypothesis is that, by means of judo practice, it may be possible to develop preventive action, reducing physical violence among school children. The theoretical-methodological framework used in this research was based upon the method of the Historical-Dialectical Materialism, which stands by a view of the world, as well as of the human being, that overrules the naturalization of physical violence. It understands this phenomenum as a manifestation of conflict among varying economic interests within class structure, and in interpersonal relationships. This paper follows a qualitative-quantitative logics, according to Santos Filho and Gamboa (2001). It uses critical-action research, based upon the studies of Tripp (2005), in a socio-historical perspective, on the grounds of the work of Marx ang Engels (1998), Vygotsky (1998), Saviani (2008, 20120), and Collective Authorship (2009). The research was carried out in CEPAE, in two seventh-grade groups. Judo classes video recordings and pictures, as well as a questionnaire to identify physical violence among students, and interviews with teachers and staff, recorded in audio, were employed as tools to investigate the presented reality. It was possible to measure through the graphics, the data about the physical violence by understanding of the students, teachers and school staff, aiming to link this data to publications about the theme. We develop a teaching material as synthesis of our work. At the end of work we consider the use of judo as purposeful discipline to develop reducers and preventive teaching works against the physical violence among students.



CORDEIRO JUNIOR, O. O ensino do judô como possibilidade de minimização da violência física entre alunos. 2015. 156 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Profissional em Ensino na Educação Básica) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2015.