Jornal o Brazil e a memória do império: usos do passado na luta em prol da restauração monárquica

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This dissertation deals with the positioning of the newspaper O Brazil, which had been circulated in the city of Rio de Janeiro in the years 1895 and 1896. It was created by a group of monarchists, whose objective was to end the republic and restore the monarchy as the Brazilian government system, as a way to highlight its attempts, objectives and actions. Focusing on the press, we try to problematize how some adherents of the monarchism looked for ways to defend the return of that regime by means of nostalgic memories. In all published editions and available for inquiry, the journal elevates the image of the Imperial regime and treats it as the "golden age", projecting, on the other hand, a negative image to the republic. This was done intentionally with the aim of encouraging readers to repudiate the then current government and the republican system. In this view, this research deals with the relationship between memory and history and the construction of horizons of expectations, concepts duly discussed throughout the work. Thus, we propose to analyze how a selection of positive memories of those who lived in the imperial regime was present in the political struggle of that literate and urban elite of the capital of Rio de Janeiro, six years after the republican regime was established, and how it was used as a restorative project based on the hopes of the future. In addition, we try to understand the critics of the republican system made by the monarchists, a few years after the republic declaration. We stand for the view that studying the monarchists in the First Republic age is a fruitful field for history, since there are few authors who work on the theme, because it is a group that lost the power, although it has never been socially subaltern. In view of our purposes, we have studied articles published in the newspaper O Brazil, which in the analyzed period published several texts, such as editorials, opinion articles, among others, with a clear intention to form an opinion in favor of the return of the monarchy and to become one space for debate on the restorative project.



ALVES, S. S. Jornal o Brazil e a memória do império: usos do passado na luta em prol da restauração monárquica. 2019. 129 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.