O ensino da teoria da evolução: a construção de conceitos científicos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The Theory of Evolution is considered by scientists and studies of teaching biology as a unifying content of all other content Biology. Theodosius Dobzhansky expressed this importance of the theory of evolution to biology in his famous phrase, "Nothing in Biology makes sense except in light of evolution." The National Curriculum Guidelines also indicate that the Theory of Evolution of content should be worked throughout basic training, constantly permeating the rest of biology content. But not always this work of evolutionary theory unifying mode occurs between the difficulties that this goal is achieved are: the traditional approach of content in most schools; the simplification of scientific concepts of the theory, thus distorting such concepts; the interference of religious beliefs of teachers and students in working with this theme; among others. increased attention to initial and continuing training of teachers in relation to this content, thereby contributing to that are prepared to deal with such difficulties do is important. This research aimed to analyze the process of construction of scientific concepts of the theory of evolution, according to the Vigotski`s theory, for the work of such content through a variety of teaching methods, including: reflective readings paradidactic texts; dialogued classes; documentary presentation; debate and discussion; and construction and presentation of theatrical skits. All the process was recorded on video and audio, and then used for the analysis of the speeches and participation of students. As a result of analysis of these records was possible to realize the criticality and interest that students have shown in their questions, thoughts, observations and placements. It was also possible indentify the enlargement of scientific concepts of evolutionary theory, as they were able to make relationships between concepts that were presented . And we can also point out that the study of the Theory of Evolution contributes significantly to working with students in relation to science and construction processes of scientific knowledge.



MOURA, S. F. O ensino da teoria da evolução: a construção de conceitos científicos. 2016. 85 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.