Os Javaé e o protestantismo: salvação e resistência (1896-1937)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This research seeks to analyze the decolonial posture of the Berò Biawa Mahadu (Javaé) people of the Araguaia Valley, then North of Goiás, present state of Tocantins, facing the processes of salvation and civilization proposed by the Protestant missionaries, between 1896 and 1937, through of attitudes of resistance concerning the project in question, whose results were the small result on the part of the protestant missionary projects to the time. It is a decolonial investigation, anchored in the recent debates carried out by the Collective of Modernity-Coloniality-Decoloniality researchers (M/C/D), a group of intellectuals from diverse areas of knowledge who guide their theoretical perspectives in function of the critique of modernity from categories such as transdisciplinarity, coloniality of power, of being and of knowledge and critical interculturality, among others (CASTRO-GOMEZ, 2005; ESCOBAR, 2005; MALDONADO-TORRES, 2016; MIGNOLO, 2010; NAZARENO, 2017a; 2017b; WALSH, 2009; 2010; 2013). We have as basic premises the non-methodologies of ethnohistory (NAZARENO, 2017b), proximity (SUÁREZ-KRABBER, 2011) and the conversation (HABER, 2011). Through them we conjecture that the Protestant missionaries executed, in the First Republic, travels of knowledge in the region of the Valley of the Araguaia like observer agents allegedly placed in a neutral place. Although immersion (engagement) in the indigenous environment (way of life, cosmology, food, mother tongue) led to contradictory perceptions of indigenous peoples, indigenous people influenced more than they were influenced. Besides that, due to the experience of attempted evangelization, indigenous peoples such as the Javaé resisted the intentions of Protestant missionaries, taking refuge in the interior of Bananal Island, leaving this isolationist position already in the middle of the twentieth century.



ARAÚJO, O. C. G. Os Javaé e o protestantismo: salvação e resistência (1896-1937). 2019. 360 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.