Geografia, gênero e contra-espaço: mulheres no assentamento Serra Dourada – Goiás/GO - Brasil

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Geography is a science that studies the (re)produced space from the social relations – like the gender ones – established in the scope of the social work and conducted for the hegemonic demands of the capital. The land concentration of the municipality of Goiás (state of Goiás, Brazil) is a result of these demands, representing the spatialization of the capitalism in Brazil and evidencing the inequalities of this system, for example, when preventing that a part of peasants would have the possibility of (re)produce themselves social, cultural and economically from the access to the land. Thus, this class united around the fight for the land, reverberating in the creation of twenty-three rural settlements in the municipality of Goiás, which the Serra Dourada Settlement is part and territory of this research. The research aims to understand the acting of peasant women of Serra Dourada Settlement in the production of contra-spaces. For this, the methodological procedures selected were organized in three continued and simultaneous steps: bibliographic review; information and data gathering; field research, with semi structured interviews, participating observation, participating mapping and transversal walking. It was possible to observe that this settlement present itself as a contra-hegemony for permitting the peasants to rescue their modes of life and produce contra-spaces, i.e., spaces produced from a contra-hegemonic logic, even for the way of the production of vegetables and other foods for self-consumption and commercialization; for the way of the reciprocity established between the members of the familiar group, of these ones and other ones also with the Cerrado; for the religious manifestations; or, also, for the family organization around the work in the land. The organization of the family group obeys a patriarchal structure which the man is responsible for the work directions, while women and children are subordinated to him. The functions made by women in the productive space are those considered socially lighter and require more cares in contraposition of the functions of men. The social place occupied by women is, mostly, the reproductive role. We realized a gain of strength of the women of the settlement in the scope of the family relations as well as between the peasants who they live together, propitiated by the participation in the cultivation and, posteriorly, selling of their products in fairs of the city of Goiás and for the supplying to governmental programs, through the participation in social movements. However, it was not enough to have a review of the power structures of the familiar group because of factors as fragility of their territories in the public space, invisibility of domestic work added to the patriarchal/capitalist thought which considers the reproductive space subordinated to the productive. We understand the fight for gender equality is extremely linked to the class struggle in a sense of complementarity, and, therefore, must be considered when we think about the rupture with the bonds of an order which the capitalists and patriarchal relations form, together, a system that submit the members of a social class composed by men and women who suffer together, but differently, the situations of oppression.



MESQUITA, Natalia Lucas. Geografia, gênero e contra-espaço: mulheres no assentamento Serra Dourada – Goiás/GO - Brasil. 2016. 168 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.