História em quadrinhos não ficcionais: usos e discursos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The thesis Nonfiction comics: uses and discourses is the result of a qualitative research that employs a set of interpretive activities. This work aims to discuss and analyze the choice of discourse genre in nonfiction comics for the approaching of serious and real issues, and the constructed meaning’s effect. The theoretical background is related to the French orientation on Discourse Analysis focused on Pêcheux’s works (1990a; 1990b; 1999; 2006; 2009), taking into account notions about meaning’s effect and production conditions. It is also taken conceptions of historicization by Maldidier (2003); the concepts of theoretical and analytical device of interpretation by Orlandi (2002). It is searched, to complement, the notion of discourse genre according to Bakhtin (1997; 2003) and hypergenre in accordance with Maingueneau (2010). For the comics theorization it is used Eisner’s works (2001, 2005), focused on the concept of sequential art; Ramos (2007; 2009a; 2009b; 2011) and Franco (2001; 2011; 2012), with contributions to the comics language. The thesis is built through a network of real issues - politics, education, history -; everyday issues - which gives uniqueness to the narrated fact - and the nonfiction comic discourse genre; united by the nodal point of AD: the discourse. From the analysis of use and discourse, materialized in the selected nonfiction comics, we find that the comics are a hypergenre, that fits a wide range of texts and can be used for long periods of time and in many countries. The hypergenre comic consists of nonfiction comic books, which are a discourse genre, a relatively stable type of statement that is made by the centripetal forces that keep the regularities – the relation between verbal and non-verbal; sequential art; fictional characters and issues; others - and the centrifugal forces that enable the transformation, the change, the discontinuity in this particular case, the possibility of approach the nonfictional thematic and characters. The analysis show that the nonfiction comics discourse genre, when adding verbal and non-verbal language, at first, helps the interlocutors to understand, in a didactic way, the meaning’s effect due to faster and more effective reading. However, we find that there is the emergence of issues that involve the use of nonfiction comics, such as the resistance and the culture of status perceptible during the analysis of ideological, imaginary and discursive formations, which allow the construction of a fluid and heterogeneous thesis.



TAVARES M. B. História em quadrinhos não ficcionais: usos e discursos. 2016. 208 f. Tese (Doutorado em Letras e Linguística) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.