Sobre o conceito de experiência no pragmatismo de John Dewey

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


My goal in this work is to understand how John Dewey constructed his concept of experience and its implications for the issues of the theory of history. Dewey's pragmatism, whose core is the concept of experience rooted in the principle of continuity, performed a profound and radical reconstruction of dualistic metaphysics. Dewey did so putting up a naturalistic metaphysics. In opposition to the modern (subjectivist/dualistic) way of conceiving experience, Dewey sought to emphasize its fundamentally relational character. In Dewey’s pragmatism experience means the complex process of interaction between organism and environment (natural/social). In this way, his metaphysics of experience became the basis of all his thinking, especially his theory of inquiry. The main hypothesis of this work is that we can find in deweyan pragmatism a theory of history whose foundation lies in its metaphysics of experience whose core is the principle of continuity and that it guarantees us, on the one hand, the methodological rigor of empirical research and, on the other hand, it endorses the role that the subjectivity of the historian exerts in the act of selection and interpretation of the evidence – with it we can accept fallibilism and be at the same time anti-skeptical in order to avoid relativism.



OLIVEIRA, F. S. Sobre o conceito de experiência no pragmatismo de John Dewey. 2018. 210 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.