A estética do fragmento em Kafka: a construção labiríntica em O castelo
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Franz Kafka (1883 - 1924), considered by many as a prophet revealing the precarious condition of man in the early twentieth century, wrote fragmented works, concentrated in annihilating spaces, which represent much more than a simple backdrop. Both from the point of view of textual composition and under the symbolic and mythical bias, this narrative category plays a decisive role in the understanding of how many themes and characters are featured in the literary text. Thus, the main objective of the research is to analyze the spatial construction in the novel The castle, published in 1922, considering the fragmentation and the own world representation of the atomization the art of the early twentieth century. In addition to the work mentioned, they will also be used other texts in order to develop research with examples that prove the hypothesis of the fictional space of Kafkaesque work is created under a labyrinthine design. Thus, the labyrinth symbolism influences the thematic and formal aspects of the greatest novel of Kafka. With this in mind, our work triggers theories about the symbolic hermeneutics to better understand the value of the labyrinth myth in our culture and his appropriation as symbolic and artistic element. In this case, the studies of Peyronie André (1998), Gilbert Durand (2002), Carl Gustav Jung (2008) and Mircea Eliade (1878) to give theoretical support. Because it is a narrative category, the space must also be seen from theories that present as structural element, such as the concepts of 'narrative' and 'description' mentioned throughout the study. For this reason they will be given study Osman Lins (1976), Anatol Rosenfeld (1976) and George Lukacs (1968). Finally, the chapter with the final remarks, entitled "Bifurcation of the way," indicates the maze itself was the literary text, in which the individual is represented in multiple forms in a universe whose experienced situations are apparent and full of obstacles.
ANDRADE, W. J. A estética do fragmento em Kafka: a construção labiríntica em O castelo. 2012. 85 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras e Linguística) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2012.