Avaliação dos futuros professores em ciências biológicas sobre a polêmica criacionismo e evolucionismo
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This paper has as its main purpose to highlight what are the concepts of future Science and Biology teachers from UFG about the controversy caused by the debate between the ideas of creationism and biological evolution concerning the origin and diversity of life. The study subjects were licensed teachers from the initial and final grades of the Biological Sciences course UFG. This study is based on the questions of quantitative and qualitative research. It was used as a method, case study and, as the main instrument for data collection, the questionnaire comprising two parts: 1) Licensed teachers socio-cultural profile and 2) A dilemma simulating a debate situation on the controversy analyzed. Analyzing the data collected and the bibliographies referred to the topic under this study, as results, the following scores / categories were obtained: a) With respect to subjects perceptions about the controversy creationism x biological evolution, it was evident that this dilemma is related to students familiar/religious formation; b) For future Biology teachers all ideas on the origin and diversity of life should be discussed and taught in the classroom and c) The justification to deal with these ideas in the classroom has a connection with a respect towards creationists opinions. From these three categories, it was evidenced the presence of a mythical-religious ideology about the origin and diversity of life by promoting an epistemological and Bachelardean obstacle. Through this, it was built up another term which would explain the difficulty of working with this controversy which was called mythical-religious obstacle. From this obstacle, it is concluded that future Biology teachers do not know that the public school is secular as well as they lack of knowledge about the scientific demarcation and, that biological evolution is the epistemological paradigm of Biology. Such results show the need for an elaboration of issues related to the history and philosophy of science in graduate courses.
CARVALHO, Rodolfo. Evaluation of student teachers in the biological sciences over the controversial creationism and evolutionism. 2010. 116 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Exatas e da Terra) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2010.