Muito além das telas douradas: cidade e tradição em Goiandira do Couto
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
In representing the urban landscape of the City of Goiás, Goiandira do Couto (1915-2011) privileges a pictorial narrative based on the myths and landmarks built during Portuguese colonization, along the axis that is structured between the Largo do Rosário (Rosary Square) and the Largo do Chafariz (Fountain Square). As an heiress of a cultural and family traditions, the artist establishes a relationship with Guardian-of-the-past Institutions, such as the Organization of Arts and Traditions of the City of Goiás (Organização Vilaboense de Artes e Tradições - OVAT), reinventing the city and its cultural identity. In her paintings, the valorization of the symbols of the official memory inspired the creation of an ideal city which would later become a heritage city, proclaiming the plot of officialdom, as seen in the Dossier of Goiás, the document that formalized the candidature of the City of Goiás to the title of World Heritage, homologated in 2001. Because it is a complex process, the institutional power of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional – IPHAN (Institute of National Historical and Artistic Heritage) is highlighted, which was dedicated to the survey, recognition and promulgation of the cultural heritage of the City of Goiás, between the decades of 1950 and 1990. From the 1960s onwards, this process is established in a fruitful dialogue with the cultural elite (OVAT) and with the local and regional political authorities which, in turn, have glimpsed the preservation of the past as an attribute to project the City of Goias to the future. Meanwhile, the golden canvas travelled around the world, stating the existence of an ideal city in the interior of Brazil, endowed with "universal exceptional value". We hypothesized that, in delimiting the perimeter of the historical listed patrimony, in the 1980s, the IPHAN has considered the relationship of the built heritage with the list of traditions visually and immaterially constructed by Goiandira do Couto. We suspect that these approaches have converged to the delimitation and normalization of the limits, symbols and characters which would represent the birthplace of the local (State of Goiás) culture along with UNESCO. Through the specificities of this process, the traces of Goiandira do Couto were legitimized, in the advent of the 21st century, among the memory places of the heritage city with the foundation of the Cultural Space Goiandira do Couto, a place intended to the ‘musealization’ of the public and private trajectories of this remarkable artist and guardian of the memories of the City of Goiás, when she was still alive.
BARBOSA, Raquel Miranda. Muito além das telas douradas: cidade e tradição em Goiandira do Couto. 2017. 358 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.