Letramento em saúde de cuidadores vinculados ao Serviço de Atenção Domiciliar de Goiânia/GO

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (LS) refers to the skills and capacity of individuals and populations to access, understand and use health information to promote, maintain and make health decisions. Home caregivers with HL limitations are prone to fail in home care due to problems related to poor communication, incomplete health information, inadequate education, limited access to health services and lack of continuity of care. It is believed that the caregiver's HL can influence the way he cares for the person under his responsibility. There are no studies that investigate the LS of home caregivers linked to home care programs, using a multidimensional instrument. OBJECTIVE: to determine the HL conditions of caregivers of people linked to the Home Care Service of Goiânia / Goiás, Brazil. METHODOLOGY: cross-sectional study carried out between March and June 2019 in Goiânia / Goiás, with 90 caregivers linked to the municipality's Home Care Service, interviewed with a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Brazilian version of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ-Br). Measures of central tendency and dispersion, HLQ reliability and the Mann Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the variables. RESULTS: most caregivers were female (90.0%), had a steady partner (58.89%), lived in the home of those they cared for (75.6%), had a reading habit (57.8% ), was an informal caregiver (91.1%), had parents without schooling (44.2%), studied nine years or more (53.3%) in a public school (84.4%) and had a personal income of up to one minimum wage (72.2%). The type of caregiver, reading habit, living with the patient, having a family income greater than a minimum wage and education of the caregiver and their parents, influenced the HLQ-Br scores. The lowest score in part 1 of the HLQ-Br was found on the “Active health caregiver” scale and the highest on the “Social support for health” scale. In part 2, the lowest score is found on the “Navigating the health system” scale and the highest on the “Understanding health information and knowing what to do” scale. CONCLUSIONS: Income, education and reading habits influenced most HLQ scales. The results can guide the actions of health professionals, who must use the HL construct in their practice. This health indicator helps to improve guidelines for home caregivers, and consequently improve the quality of care. New studies should be carried out to broaden the understanding of HL in this context, to identify how to reduce situational demands, including how services can contribute. LS is broader than the ability to read and understand. It implies the ability to act.



SOARES, T. A. M. Letramento em saúde de cuidadores vinculados ao Serviço de Atenção Domiciliar de Goiânia/GO. 2020. 118 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2020.