Candomblé – discurso em transe

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The dissertation presented is a multi-theoretical and multi-methodological study that is constituted in the confluence of Religious Discourse Analysis and the Anthropology of Culture. It has as object the ritualistic trance in the Candomblé Ketu, and in the search of effects of meaning in this practice, it was examined the verbal and nonverbal statements. Understanding the Discourse as a ―set of statements‖, it was collected statements of different semiosis in order to perceive the way the trance produces meaning and which meanings are possible from the positions of subject and the emergence rules. The Candomblé is a religion formed from the African diaspora in the Americas. As its formation is not homogeneous, it appeared varied worship in areas of the national territory. The Candomblé studied has Ketu origin, formed basically of Africans from the ethnic groups Yoruba and Jeje from the West Africa. The community that was the locus of this research is the Ilê Axé Igbem Balè, led by the matriarch Mother Jane d‘Omolu, in Aparecida de Goiânia, the metropolitan area of the Capital. Gathering oral statements collected in interviews with the community, descriptions of the field notebook from the community etnography, studies of the literature and the interpretive analysis of the ritual dance of orishas, it was built the corpus that enabled to consider the polysemic range of the term trance. The Discourse Analysis applied in this study comes from Foucault and Bakhtin. These authors contributed for the understanding of the discursive scenario, as well as for the statements analysis. Moreover, it was used the Foucault‘s presuppositions as dispersion, archeology, discursive practices and the relationship between power-knowledge, and the conceptions of ideological sign and Bakhtin‘s dialogism when it was required. Therefore, the goal was not to confront the authors, but always use their concepts when one was more appropriate than the other. In the field of African studies the authors Bastide, Márcio Goldman, Reginaldo Prandi, Pierre Verger and Wagner Gonçalves were the base. At the end of the research it is intended do give important contributions on the attributed meanings for the ritualistic trance.



MORAES-Junior, Mário Pires de. Candomblé – discurso em transe. 2014. 155 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras e Linguística) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.