Aprendizagem do empreendedorismo em equipe: influências contextuais sobre novas empresas de base tecnológica
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Considered as a continuous experiential process, entrepreneurial learning does not have enough conceptual structure to explain how a team of entrepreneurs learns. The scarce models presented in the literature focus on the entrepreneurial individual and, at times, disregard the context and other influence groups. Thus, from a constructivist sociocultural perspective, the present dissertation presents the development of a research whose main objective was to analyze and characterize the learning process of entrepreneurship in the level of New Technology-Based Firms (NTBFs) teams. The decision to study the founding teams of these organizations is due to the need they face to learn quickly, in view of the rapid evolution of the technology market. The study is constructivist sociocultural because it considers that to occur the sharing of knowledge and learning it is necessary to have social interaction, participation, formation of identity and contextual influence. The context in which a team finds itself directly influences its learning, at the same time that it is influenced, shaped by it. And, in view of the principle of Lebenswelt, one of the drivers of the study, it was considered that it is not possible to study the human being in a way that is isolated from his context, from the world he experiences, transferring this premise to teams. Therefore, following an interpretative phenomenological-hermeneutical approach and using a theoretical guiding model, the learning experiences of four different NTBF founding teams were analyzed, two incubated and two non-incubated. Three data collection procedures were used: semi-structured interviews, observation and documentary research; being applied on the collected data the premises of the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The study made it possible to capture the deeper meanings of the teams' learning experience, allowing the analysis of the impact of the context, the relevance of internal and external interpersonal relationships, and the strengthening of the human and social capital of a team for its learning. Thus, as the main result of the dissertation was proposed a conceptual model of entrepreneurial learning in team, which considers learning as a process continuously modified by the experience and joint reflection of individuals, being evolutionary and inseparable from the context.
ARANTES, F. P. Aprendizagem do empreendedorismo em equipe: influências contextuais sobre novas empresas de base tecnológica. 2017. 190 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.