Custos decorrentes de eventos adversos a medicamento em pacientes hospitalizados

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Theoretical Background: The adverse drug event (ADE) may occur due to adverse reaction and medication error. Damage caused by adverse events (AD) can lead to increased hospitalization time, rehospitalization, greater morbidity, the need for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, irreversible consequences such as death and great economic impact. Objective: This study aims to analyze the costs of adverse drug events in hospitalized patients. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out in a public hospital in the state of Goiás, Brazil, with patients admitted to the adult hospitalization clinics in the year 2016 and who suffered ADE. The colection of data occurred between May and October 2017. The data were collected through a nursing record and patient records. Additional hospitalization time, hours worked by the health professional, therapeutic and diagnostic procedures, and resources used by these users related to ADE were analyzed. In case of death, the average annual salary was calculated by the years of lost work lives for the society. The costs of the materials were obtained through a bidding system and the cost accounting unit of the hospital itself, the Federal Government Price Panel, and procedures through the SIGTAP Table. The data was typed in the Excel worksheet and analyzed by simple statistics. The present study was submitted and approved in the ethics committee with protocol in GEP / HC / UFG nº 030/2017 and was followed what is recommended by Resolution 466/2012. Results: We identified 164 cases of medication errors and adverse reactions in the nursing records. However, only the cases of patients in which the medical record was reported and that additional intervention were included in the study, which totaled 80 cases, 25 of which could have been avoided. The total costs due to EAM identified in the study were R $ 96,877.90. There were direct costs totaling R $ 26,463.90, of which R $ 20,430.36 was obtained from the hospital's perspective and R $ 6,033.54 from the SUS perspective. And of this amount R $ 14,380.13 was due to non-preventable EAM and R $ 12,083.77 due to preventable EAM. In the perspective of society, there were indirect costs of R $ 70,414.00, due to the death due to medication failure. Conclusion: It is concluded that the financial impact requires attention of managers, in the sense that avoiding such costs, it opens up possibilities for new investments.



NASCIMENTO, L. C. Custos decorrentes de eventos adversos a medicamento em pacientes hospitalizados. 2018. 118 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Assistência e Avaliação em Saúde) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.