Jorge Amado: entre engajamentos e a militância comunista (1929-1956)
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This thesis aims at approaching the production of the writer Jorge Amado between 1929 and 1956, developing and using the concepts of engagement and militancy - structurally distinguished in this composition as classes, fields and circles or social places - to observe the literary mediations of the author with certain social groupings. Considering that the twentieth century was marked by the bellicose context and the intensification of political positions among intellectuals, we differentiated the forms of commitment in the literary field, understanding engagement as a fluid position, susceptible of variations and without a faithful discipline to certain grouping(s), and militancy as a solid link with rigid traits and with a disciplinary culture linked to a grouping. From this conceptual formulation, we rise the hypothesis that Jorge Amado’s writings, in the proposed temporal cut, clarify four distinct moments, disagreeing with an expressive part of his interpreters, who target this period as a political phase of alignment with the communist movement. We defend the thesis that, between 1929 and 1932, the young Bahian writer lived the moment of an individualistic engagement, destined to solve his political, labor and affective uncertainties - peculiarity common among his friends of the Academy of the Rebels of Salvador; between 1933 and 1937, living in the cosmopolitan Brazilian capital, the author started having contact with new ideas and new groupings of the literary and political field, changing positions and having a diffuse collective engagement, linked mainly to the communist field, to the literary circle of the “novelists of the North” and to the circle of intellectuals who began to review historically the importance of the black people in Brazilian society; between the beginning of the New State and the years of World War II, the repressive and uncertain context with the future of humanity deepened the relations of the writer with the communist field, occurring a transition from diffuse engagement of left to militant literary practice, so that after the Great War and the dictatorship of the New State, Amado lived the condition of a militant writer, disciplinarily linked to the communist movement, a period that lasted until the denunciations of the XX Congress of the Communist Party of the USSR against Stalin in 1956. To carry out this research and express our hypothesis, we brought up a series of unprecedented and scarcely known writings of the author (unpublished and unfinished novels, articles of literary criticism, political articles, chronicles, travel reports, interviews, personal memories), presenting a differentiated view of his production and social relations.
PONTES, Matheus de M. Jorge Amado: entre engajamentos e a militância comunista (1929-1956). 2018. 527 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.