As lutas anticoloniais em Guiné-Bissau e Cabo-Verde sob a perspectiva ideológica e a trajetória política de Amílcar Cabral (1960-1974)
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The following aim of this dissertation is to discuss the process of anticolonial liberation struggle in Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde from the political and ideological trajectory of PAIGC leader Amilcar Cabral. Thus, we address the impact of Portuguese colonialism in Guinea and Cape Verde to trace the particularities of each one of the former colonies that, although under the same exploitation regime, present different formations, which will be reflected in the entire process of anticolonial struggle. In this sense, in denying assimilation to the colonial culture, the 'Cabral Generation' developed the epistemological breakdown that made possible the anticolonial struggles in Africa. After completing the Agricultural Engineering degree in Lisbon, Cabral returned to Guinea-Bissau determined to mobilize the fight against colonialism. The experience of Amílcar Cabral as an agricultural engineer became important in the work of mobilization and in the knowledge of the various peoples and their realities. Also called "engineer of consciences", we consider the intellectual framework that was bequeathed by Amilcar Cabral, as an African theorist of armed struggle who also used theory as an efficient weapon against colonialism. For Cabral, to study was important for every revolutionary. Beyond the economic and political liberation of colonialism, it was fundamental the liberation of consciences. Hence, Cabral's thoughts highlights the maintenance of traditional practices, to the same extent that hold science and knowledge; the party's schools functioned in the liberated areas of Portuguese domain, as well as the health centers and the people’s warehouses, where the community participated in the guerrilla deployments; women also formed the army of liberation, and the fight for the liberation of women was one of the axes of the party. The PAIGC guerrilla created a state within the colony from the practices of self-organization and self-management of armed struggle. Amílcar Cabral was cowardly murdered before seeing Independence materialize, however many of his thoughts remain a landmark for political decolonization, of minds and hearts, as the liberation of the African people.
ABADIA, Danúbia Mendes. As lutas anticoloniais em Guiné-Bissau e Cabo-Verde sob a perspectiva ideológica e a trajetória política de Amílcar Cabral (1960-1974). 2018. 369 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.