Personalismo e a formação humanizadora: um estudo das contribuições de Mounier
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This research discusses the relation between the Mounier’s personalist philosophy and human formation. The questioning which guided it was: what are the contributions of the personalist thinking of Mounier for a humanizing formation? The methodology we utilized was the bibliographical research coupled with analysis of the main works written by this thinker and works by commentator of his school of thought. It was sought to comprehend the constitutive context of the philosophy of Mounier, his life history and his own personalist thinking. Europe, at the beginning of the twentieth century, passed through several sociopolitical, economical transformations. It witnessed two great wars, it suffered its implications, like hungriness, misery and precariousness of living conditions. It was a period of uncertainty, due to the effects of the “Great Depression”, since the 1929 crisis; to the unbridled advance of the capitalistic economic model and to the instaurations of totalitarians regimes, like the socialist and the communist ones. In this context, Mounier looked his age face-to-face, becoming aware of himself, and he conffronted this age in ways of fighting for change – “Rebuilding the Renascence”. Mounier’s personalism is a way of life, an inspiration which has as its grounding experience the affirmation of the absolute value of human person and which comprehends a humanizing perspective which promotes a continuous process of “becoming” increasingly human by the awakening of the person in community. This awakening is the recognition of the spiritual calling to the human being. It is in this sense that Mounier’s new humanism consists in rebuilding the Renascence, which is a revival of the concrete man, located in; and in a constitutive, axiological relation with; the I-thou dimension, in totality, implying so in a revolution which may form comprehension of person and community, in a calling to human liberation. Human appreciation which is found in the axiological dialectic present in immanency and in transcendence becomes a process of human self-elevation which is characterized by metaphysics, having the primacy the human axiology. In rebuilding the Renascence, there is a politic-economic-social proposal centered in person, for which formation everything has to converge to. In order of comprehending the humanization of man, it is necessary to pervade the triad of his total volume, of his full development – incarnation, vocation and communion –, characterized in the structure of the personal universe living a historical process. Thus, it is not possible to comprehend the personalist, humanizing formation of a new civilization without the relation calling-metaphysical-answer which is evidenced in the confronting-engagement process. Humanizing, personalist formation presents itself in the spiritual realism – human transcendence and divine one –, which is in contraposition to both the materialism and the spiritualism, the axiological dimension of cultural realism. The act of recognizing the world since spiritual realism is referred to the act of elevating oneself from horizontality of human being, an elevating out of the incarnation conditions, which characterizes a union with the spiritual world. By this way, the features of Mounier’s personalism which contribute to some formation compromised with person as the great value are: the perspective of completion of personal living as being an ethical-political action of the community, the personalist education (which has as its binomial basis “freedom and commitment”), the culture as transcendence and overcoming and the confrontation act.
ALBERNAZ, Mônica Ferreira. Personalismo e a formação humanizadora: um estudo das contribuições de Mounier. 2014. 150 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.