Geotecnologias como instrumento para elaboração de uma plataforma de licenciamento ambiental: uma proposta para o estado de Goiás
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Environmental Licensing is an instrument of the Public Administration to control activities that are effective or potentially causing environmental degradation, with the aim of making economic development compatible with mechanisms aimed at enhancing the social and natural resources preservation. To regulate this process, it is the responsibility of the environmental agency to establish criteria and control measures. Among these requirements, a considerable amount of data is included that compose the environmental studies. These documents will guide the approval or rejection of the required license. The ability of a Geographic Information System (GIS) in the treatment of geographic data makes it possible to store, analyze and disseminate information with the potential to perform complex analyzes from several sources, an essential factor to subsidize environmental licensing. In this context, the present research sought to verify what benefits are triggered with the potential of the adoption of Geotechnologies in the procedures of Environmental Licensing of the State of Goiás. For this, the environmental legislations pertinent to the subject were evaluated, bibliographical researches dealing with the subject and consultations to previous experiences. In order to ascertain the current stage of use of Geotechnologies in the organ searched (SECIMA), evaluations were carried out in the procedural routines of the licensing, besides interviews, using a questionnaire. The survey revealed that 82.60% of the participating technicians and environmental analysts consider as non-existent or not adequate to the use of Geotechnologies in the Secima. The sum of the positive indicatives showed that 96% of the interviewees consider the implementation of an interactive map as a support to environmental licensing to be relevant. The results of these evaluations have shown the importance of stimulating actions aimed at storing, integrating and disseminating the geographic information. In the diagnosis carried out with technicians and managers, together with on-site analysis, it was possible to establish the main spatial data required for the environmental analysis and to identify which would be the main requirements to attend the Geoinformation practices, guiding the creation of a WebGIS containing the elements priority to attend the demand for geographic information. The balance of the work allowed to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposal, leading to a better environmental licensing based on Geoinformation, in addition to finding probable improvements and improvements.
CARVALHO, H. Geotecnologias como instrumento para elaboração de uma plataforma de licenciamento ambiental: uma proposta para o estado de Goiás. 2017. 119 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.