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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Considering that, with the purpose of suggesting new paths for local development, the analysis of urban problems is essential to improve the quality of life of the population, the aim of this research is to study the urban structure of Jataí city. In order to do so, its urban internal structure is analyzed, regarding the sociospatial distribution in the urban arrangement, searching answers to the question: is there any sociospatial segregation in Jataí? We intend to remove the veil that covers the city and suggest new parameters that collaborate with the local development, as well as to produce consistent scientific material about this theme, analyzed according to the Geographic Science. Jataí city is located in the Southwest of Goiás State, in Brazil, approximately 320 km of Goiânia city, the capital of the State. With an urban area of about 24 km², inside a county area of 7.174, 1 km², the city grew marked by contrasts which reveal the logics of the capitalist society. Positions like the ones held by Santos (1993), Castells (1983), Lojkine (1997) and Villaça (2001), surveying the logic of the formation and composition of the urban space, raise questions about the object of this research. The course followed in this work is neither rigid, nor ready or final. It is an analysis that begins with urban landscape, as it presents a vast horizon to be explored, arriving at the place and analyzing the way it was produced. This research transits between social and political analyses, in the context of a so-called post-modern society, inquiring and reflecting about the reality displayed in front of our eyes, considering the action of the capital and its relations in the construction of places. Therefore, the dialectic perspective is a guideline that orients our works. Finally, we define, classify, map and cross information plans concerning the levels of income in Jataí and their implications in the urban mesh network, which demonstrates the urban segregation identified. The results are presented in the form of text and maps which disclose the real situation of the sociospatial distribution at stake. As a result, it is identified that the social classes of less income are concentrated, predominantly, in the edges of the urban area. Such analysis supports the thesis that this city is a segregated space.



SILVA, Márcio Rodrigues. DISCLOSING THE CITY: SOCIOSPATIAL SEGREGATION IN JATAÍ-GO (BRAZIL). 2009. 190 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciencias Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2009.