A sociedade luso-africana do Rio de Janeiro (1930-1939): uma vertente do colonialismo português em terras brasileiras
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The aim of this study is to analyze the colonial project of the Portuguese-African Society in Rio de Janeiro through the analysis of the twenty editions of its Bulletin (1931-1939), as well as books, booklets and other types of publication made by the members of the Society. In order to do so, we initially investigate the conditions from which the “imperial nationalism”, of which the Bulletin is a strong expression, emerged. In the following chapters, we seek to understand the many peculiarities of the Bulletin by evidencing the trajectory of the Portuguese-African Society in Rio de Janeiro in its two main moments: from the veiled criticism to the Salazar government and the search for a strong “panluso coalition” (1931-1934), to the rejection of the Estado Novo in the final years of the Bulletin (1935-1939). We grasp these transformations by inspecting varied sources, mainly the editorials of the Bulletin. Next, we explore the political senses of the “pan-lusitanism” within the larger logic of the “pan-ethinicisms”, also discussing the pan-lusitan discourse shown in the “Cartilha Colonial” by Augusto Casimiro and in the Bulletin. After that, we analyze the colonial project of the republican military-administrators and correspondent members of the Society, emphasizing the criticism these people made to the colonial practices of the Salazarism and the idealized mirroring in the “Norton de Matos model”. Finally, we investigate the relationship between the historiography of colonialism and the Africanist studies with the ideology of “imperial vocation”, present in the hegemonic colonial knowledge in the 30s. All in all, the careful examination of the discourse of the Bulletin and other publications by the Society allow us to visualize the particularities of the republican colonialism in the middle of the Salazarist political hegemony in the 30s. This discourse can be considered a vanguard of the colonial reformism, which will become stronger in the 50s. The defeat of the project of the colonial reformism in the 30s is an expression of the fact that, in times of Estados Novos, the “democratic” rhetoric (even if restricted to discourse) has no place.
ASSUNÇÃO, M. F. M. A sociedade luso-africana do Rio de Janeiro (1930-1939): uma vertente do colonialismo português em terras brasileiras. 2017. 324 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.